This collection features scholarly and creative work by faculty members of the Biology Department at Central Washington University.

The Brooks Library can assist CWU faculty with locating, digitizing, clearing copyright and depositing their scholarship in ScholarWorks. Please email the , or call (509) 963-1718 for more information.

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Submissions from 2016

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Recommendations for Calibration Factors for a Photo-reference Method for Aerosol Black Carbon Concentrations, Vipul Lalchandania, Sachida N. Tripathi, Eric A. Graham, Nithya Ramanathan, James J. Schauer, and Tarun Gupta

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Quantification of Elemental and Organic Carbon in Atmospheric Particulate Matter Using Color Space Sensing—Hue, Saturation, and Value (HSV) Coordinates, Michael R. Olson, Eric A. Graham, Samera Hamad, Pajean Uchupalanun, Nithya Ramanathan, and James J. Schauer

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Marked Variation Between Winter and Spring Gut Microbiota in Freeranging Tibetan Macaques (Macaca thibetana), Binghua Sun, Xi Wang, Sofi Bernstein, Michael A. Huffman, Dong-Po Xia, Zhiyuan Gu, Rui Chen, Lori K. Sheeran, R. Steven Wagner, and Jinhua Li

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How America Hates Socialism without Knowing Why, Lixing Sun

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When Democracy Meets the Ghost of Evolution: Why Short Presidents Have Vanished, Lixing Sun

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Why Overpaid Quarterbacks are Losers, Lixing Sun

Submissions from 2015

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Effect of High Light intensity on Photoinhibition, Oxyradicals and Artemisinin Content in Artemisia annua L., Mary E. Poulson and T. Thai

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Collective movement in the Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana): Early joiners write the rule of the game, Xi Wang, Lixing Sun, Jin-hua Li, Dongpo Xia, Binghua Sun, and Dao Zhang

Submissions from 2014

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Park rangers' behaviors and their effects on tourists and Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) at Mt. Huangshan, China, Rie Usui, Lori K. Sheeran, Jin-hua Li, Lixing Sun, Xi Wang, Alexander J. Pritchard, Alexander S. DuVall-Lash, and R. Steve Wagner

Submissions from 2012

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Grooming Reciprocity in Female Tibetan Macaques Macaca Thibetana, Dongpo Xia, Jinhua Li, Paul A. Garber, Lixing Sun, Yong Zhu, and Binghua Sun

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First Occurrence of Twins in Provisioned Free-ranging Tibetan Macaques (Macaca thibetana) at Huangshan, China, Dongpo Xia, Jinhua Li, Megan D. Matheson, Lixing Sun, Binghua Sun, and Yong Zhu

Submissions from 2011

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Photosynthetic Response of Nereocystis Luetkeana (Phaeophyta) to High Light, Mary E. Poulson, Andrew J. McNeil, and Raymon A. Donahue

Submissions from 2010

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Tourist Behavior and Decibel Levels Correlate with Threat Frequency in Tibetan Macaques (Macaca thibetana) at Mt. Huangshan, China, Lucy A. Ruesto, Lori K. Sheeran, Megan D. Matheson, Jin-Hua Li, and R. Steven Wagner

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Blood is not always thicker than water: The limited effect of kin selection on human kinship in the traditional Chinese family, Lixing Sun

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Foxn1 Gene Knockout Suppresses Sexual Attractiveness and Pheromonal Components of Male Urine in Inbred Mice, Jian-Xu Zhang, Lixing Sun, and Yao-Hua Zhang

Submissions from 2009

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Sequences of Tibetan Macaque (Macaca thibetana) and Tourist Behaviors at Mt. Huangshan, China, Maureen S. McCarthy, Megan D. Matheson, Jack D. Lester, Lori K. Sheeran, and Jin-Hua Li

Submissions from 2008

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Potential Chemosignals in the Anogenital Gland Secretion of Giant Pandas, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, Associated with Sex and Individual Identity, Jian-Xu Zhang, Dingzhen Liu, Lixing Sun, Rongping Wei, Guiquan Zhang, Honglin Wu, Hemin Zhang, and Chenghua Zhao

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Dual Role of Preputial Gland Secretion and its Major Components in Sex Recognition of Mice, Jian-Xu Zhang, Ying-Juan Liu, Jin-Hua Zhang, and Lixing Sun

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Chronic Exposure of Cat Odor Enhances Aggression, Urinary Attractiveness and Sex Pheromones of Mice, Jian-Xu Zhang, Lixing Sun, Kevin E. Bruce, and Milos V. Novotny

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Sex- and gonad-affecting scent compounds and 3 male pheromones in the rat, Jian-Xu Zhang, Lixing Sun, Jin-Hua Zhang, and Zhi-Yong Feng

Submissions from 2007

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Putative Chemical Signals about Sex, Individuality, and Genetic Background in the Preputial Gland and Urine of the House Mouse (Mus musculus), Jian-Xu Zhang, Xiao-Ping Rao, Lixing Sun, Chen-Hua Zhao, and Xiao-Wei Qin

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Mice Respond Differently to Urine and Its Major Volatile Constituents from Male and Female Ferrets, Jian-Xu Zhang, Lixing Sun, and Milos Novotny

Submissions from 2006

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Do Anogenital Gland Secretions of Giant Panda Code for Their Sexual Ability?, Liu Dingzhen, Yuan Hong, Tian Hong, Wei Rongping, Zhang Guiquan, Lixing Sun, Wang Liwen, and Sun Ruyong

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Stereotypic Behavior and Fecal Cortisol Level in Captive Giant Pandas in Relation to Environmental Enrichment, Juan Liu, Yue Chen, Liran Guo, Bo Gu, Hui Liu, Anyan Hou, Xuefeng Liu, Lixing Sun, and Dingzhen Liu

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Response of Photosynthesis to High Light and Drought for Arabidopsis thaliana Grown Under a UV-B Enhanced Light Regime, Mary E. Poulson, Maria Regina Torres Boeger, and Raymon A. Donahue

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Efeitos da radiação ultravioleta-B sobre a morfologia foliar de Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. (Brassicaceae), Maria Regina Torres Boeger and Mary Poulson

Submissions from 2004

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The Control of Color Change in the Pacific Tree Frog, Hyla regilla, James C. Stegen, C. M. Gienger, and Lixing Sun

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Heritability of kinship pheromone in the beaver: How is information about relatedness coded?, Lixing Sun and Dietland Muller-Schwarze

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Anogenital Gland Secretions Code for Sex and Age in the Giant Panda, Ailuropoda Melanoleuca, Hong Yuan, Dingzhen Liu, Lixing Sun, Rongping Wei, Guiquan Zhang, and Ruyong Sun

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Influence of increasing number of mating partners on mating behaviour and reproduction in Brandt’s voles, Jianjun Zhang, Zhibin Zhang, and Lixing Sun

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Influence of male surgical sterilization on the copulatory behavior and reproduction of Brandt's vole, Jianjun Zhang, Zhibin Zhang, and Lixing Sun

Submissions from 2003

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Effects of Weasel Odor on Behavior and Physiology of Two Hamster Species, Jian-Xu Zhang, Cheng Cao, Heng Gao, Zhong-Shun Yang, Lixing Sun, Zhi-Bin Zhang, and Zu-Wang Wang

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Possible Coding for Recognition of Sexes, Individuals and Species in Anal Gland Volatiles of Mustela eversmanni and M. sibirica, Jian-Xu Zhang, Jia Ni, Xue-Jie Ren, Lixing Sun, Zhi-Bin Zhang, and Zu-Wang Wang

Submissions from 2002

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Anti-predation does not fully explain grouping in the Chinese water deer (Hydropotes Inermis), Lixing Sun

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Volatile Compounds in Anal Gland of Siberian Weasels (Mustela sibirica) and Steppe Polecats (M. eversmanni), Jian-Xu Zhang, Lixing Sun, Zhi-Bin Zhang, Zu-Wang Wang, Yi Chen, and Rui Wang

Submissions from 2000

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Dispersal pattern and effective population size of the beaver, Lixing Sun, Dietland Muller-Schwarze, and Bruce A. Schulte

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Trade-off in short- and long-distance communication in túngara (Physalaemus pustulosus) and cricket (Acris crepitans) frogs, Lixing Sun, Walter Wilczynski, A. Stanley Rand, and Michael J. Ryan

Submissions from 1999

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Use of anal gland secretion to distinguish the two beaver species Castor canadensis and C. fiber, Frank Rosell and Lixing Sun

Submissions from 1998

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Anal Gland Secretion Codes for Family Membership in the Beaver, Lixing Sun and Dietland Muller-Schwarze

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Anal Gland Secretion Codes for Relatedness in the Beaver, Castor canadensis, Lixing Sun and Dietland Muller-Schwarze