Title

A Java Implementation of a Novel Quantitative Genetic Framework for the Evolution of Developmental Interactions

Presenter Information

Elizabeth Brooks

Document Type

Oral Presentation

Location

SURC Ballroom C/D

Start Date

15-5-2014

End Date

15-5-2014

Keywords

Software, Evolution, Quantitative genetics

Abstract

Quantitative genetics is the study of complex biological traits, or traits controlled by more than one gene. Traditional quantitative genetic models use the (co)variances of traits to predict evolution in response to selection. However, traits often result from nonlinear interactions between developmental factors. Such interactions can produce large and rapid changes to trait (co)variances. Because of this, traditional models may not accurately predict evolutionary dynamics. The goal of this project is to determine the extent to which the developmental architecture of traits affects the evolutionary response of a given species. This may be achieved through the use of an updated mathematical framework that explicitly incorporates nonlinear interactions between developmental factors underlying one or more traits. As a first step, with the Java programming language we have developed a traditional model and a second, more advanced, model that allows a user to test hypotheses about how the developmental interactions among two traits affect their (co)variances and subsequent evolutionary trajectories. Additionally, our code and model framework are easily amenable to generating plots and graphs of trait relationships. With this software, users will be able to assess the accuracy of the updated model in comparison to the traditional framework. Future versions of our software will be available online as a user-friendly web tool, which will provide options to custom supply model parameters and equations of trait relationships.

For this presentation, Elizabeth Brooks received a College of the Sciences Best Poster Presentation Award for 2014.

Poster Number

10

Faculty Mentor(s)

Scoville, Alison; Jagodzinski, Filip

Additional Mentoring Department

Biological Sciences

Additional Mentoring Department

Computer Science

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May 15th, 8:30 AM May 15th, 11:00 AM

A Java Implementation of a Novel Quantitative Genetic Framework for the Evolution of Developmental Interactions

SURC Ballroom C/D

Quantitative genetics is the study of complex biological traits, or traits controlled by more than one gene. Traditional quantitative genetic models use the (co)variances of traits to predict evolution in response to selection. However, traits often result from nonlinear interactions between developmental factors. Such interactions can produce large and rapid changes to trait (co)variances. Because of this, traditional models may not accurately predict evolutionary dynamics. The goal of this project is to determine the extent to which the developmental architecture of traits affects the evolutionary response of a given species. This may be achieved through the use of an updated mathematical framework that explicitly incorporates nonlinear interactions between developmental factors underlying one or more traits. As a first step, with the Java programming language we have developed a traditional model and a second, more advanced, model that allows a user to test hypotheses about how the developmental interactions among two traits affect their (co)variances and subsequent evolutionary trajectories. Additionally, our code and model framework are easily amenable to generating plots and graphs of trait relationships. With this software, users will be able to assess the accuracy of the updated model in comparison to the traditional framework. Future versions of our software will be available online as a user-friendly web tool, which will provide options to custom supply model parameters and equations of trait relationships.

For this presentation, Elizabeth Brooks received a College of the Sciences Best Poster Presentation Award for 2014.