Title

Creating Entangled Photons by Spontaneous Parametric Down Conversion

Presenter Information

Blake Savisky

Document Type

Oral Presentation

Location

SURC Ballroom B/C/D

Start Date

21-5-2015

End Date

21-5-2015

Keywords

Quantum Mechanics, Entanglement, Lasers

Abstract

The purpose of this project is to set up a system for creating entangled photon pairs for use in various quantum mechanical experiments, including the testing of Bell’s inequalities which demonstrates the fundamentally indeterministic nature of quantum mechanics. The photons are created by pumping a beta barium borate crystal with 405 nm laser light then, due to a process called type 1 spontaneous parametric down conversion, a single pump photon can be converted into two 810 nm photons in an entangled state. In the same lab, a similar set up has already been achieved using a 474 nm pump laser, but by using a shorter wave length, a higher detection rate can be achieved. Two collimators are set up to collect the down converted photons and send them to two photon counting modules. The collimators need to be positioned precisely to detect any down converted photons because they emerge from the crystal in a narrow beam that is at an angle with respect to the pump beam and only a miniscule fraction of pump photons are down converted. The angle at which the down converted photons emerge is a function of how the crystal is prepared and the polarization orientation of the pump beam. It was calculated using a program by National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Poster Number

53

Faculty Mentor(s)

Michael Braunstein

Department/Program

Physics

Additional Mentoring Department

Physics

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May 21st, 8:30 AM May 21st, 11:00 AM

Creating Entangled Photons by Spontaneous Parametric Down Conversion

SURC Ballroom B/C/D

The purpose of this project is to set up a system for creating entangled photon pairs for use in various quantum mechanical experiments, including the testing of Bell’s inequalities which demonstrates the fundamentally indeterministic nature of quantum mechanics. The photons are created by pumping a beta barium borate crystal with 405 nm laser light then, due to a process called type 1 spontaneous parametric down conversion, a single pump photon can be converted into two 810 nm photons in an entangled state. In the same lab, a similar set up has already been achieved using a 474 nm pump laser, but by using a shorter wave length, a higher detection rate can be achieved. Two collimators are set up to collect the down converted photons and send them to two photon counting modules. The collimators need to be positioned precisely to detect any down converted photons because they emerge from the crystal in a narrow beam that is at an angle with respect to the pump beam and only a miniscule fraction of pump photons are down converted. The angle at which the down converted photons emerge is a function of how the crystal is prepared and the polarization orientation of the pump beam. It was calculated using a program by National Institute of Standards and Technology.