Presenter Information

Heather Gerrish

Document Type

Oral Presentation

Location

SURC Ballroom B/C/D

Start Date

21-5-2015

End Date

21-5-2015

Keywords

Nutrient Insufficiency, Spinal Cord Injury, Elite Athletes

Abstract

The nutrient needs of spinal cord injury (SCI) athletes are dependent on their physiological alterations, training load, and intensity of practice. Limited research is available regarding the current nutrient intake of SCI elite athletes, possible nutrient deficiencies, and geographical consumption patterns. The purpose of this study was to examine the diets of Canadian (CAN), n=12, and American (USA), n=27, elite athletes with SCI from the United States Paralympic Canadian Sport Institute utilizing a self-reported 24-hour diet recall. Nutrient inadequacy was estimated by the proportion of athletes with mean intakes below the estimated average requirement (EAR) using the Research Solutions Food Processor Diet Analysis Software (ESHA). Mean energy intakes were 1,603 +/- 855 kcal for women and 1906 +/- 756 kcal for men. Reported micronutrient intakes were below EAR in >60 percent of USA athletes for vitamin D, folate, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and zinc, while 60 percent of CAN athletes reported intakes below the EAR in Niacin, B6, B12, vitamin C, vitamin D, folate, calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, and zinc. In conclusion, nutrient intakes below the EAR were consistently found for both groups of elite athletes with SCI and suggested similar nutrient insufficiencies. Further research is needed to examine nutrient intake using other methods of dietary assessment and to determine the factors that may lead to nutrient insufficiency among elite athletes with SCI.

Poster Number

29

Faculty Mentor(s)

Kelly Pritchett, Dana Ogan, Robert Pritchett

Department/Program

Nutrition, Exercise & Health Science

Additional Mentoring Department

Nutrition, Exercise & Health Science

Additional Mentoring Department

Nutrition, Exercise and Health Science

Additional Mentoring Department

Nutrition, Exercise and Health Science

Included in

Nutrition Commons

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May 21st, 11:30 AM May 21st, 2:00 PM

Nutrient Intake of Elite Canadian and American Athletes with Spinal Cord Injury

SURC Ballroom B/C/D

The nutrient needs of spinal cord injury (SCI) athletes are dependent on their physiological alterations, training load, and intensity of practice. Limited research is available regarding the current nutrient intake of SCI elite athletes, possible nutrient deficiencies, and geographical consumption patterns. The purpose of this study was to examine the diets of Canadian (CAN), n=12, and American (USA), n=27, elite athletes with SCI from the United States Paralympic Canadian Sport Institute utilizing a self-reported 24-hour diet recall. Nutrient inadequacy was estimated by the proportion of athletes with mean intakes below the estimated average requirement (EAR) using the Research Solutions Food Processor Diet Analysis Software (ESHA). Mean energy intakes were 1,603 +/- 855 kcal for women and 1906 +/- 756 kcal for men. Reported micronutrient intakes were below EAR in >60 percent of USA athletes for vitamin D, folate, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and zinc, while 60 percent of CAN athletes reported intakes below the EAR in Niacin, B6, B12, vitamin C, vitamin D, folate, calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, and zinc. In conclusion, nutrient intakes below the EAR were consistently found for both groups of elite athletes with SCI and suggested similar nutrient insufficiencies. Further research is needed to examine nutrient intake using other methods of dietary assessment and to determine the factors that may lead to nutrient insufficiency among elite athletes with SCI.