Religious Pluralism in Indonesia
Department or Administrative Unit
Anthropology and Museum Studies
Indonesia is one of the world’s great plural societies. Its population of 238 million
spans thousands of islands and hundreds of ethnic and religious groups, the local
lives of which have been shaped by regional and global dynamics. The archipelago
was integrated first by trade routes, mercantilism and colonialism, then through concerted efforts at post-Independence nation-building that employed the region’s lingua franca as a national language, and established a program of shared values (pancasila) to generate ‘unity in diversity’ (bhinneka tunggal ika). In many ways, the project of nationalism was highly successful in creating a shared sense of national identity. But Indonesia also experiences inter-group tensions, with areas and periods of heightened conflict, often involving religion.
Pedersen, L. (2016). Religious Pluralism in Indonesia. The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology, 17(5), 387–398. https://doi.org/10.1080/14442213.2016.1218534
The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology
© 2016 The Australian National University
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