Seasonal occurrence of Campylobacter spp. in surface waters and their correlation with standard indicator bacteria

Document Type


Department or Administrative Unit

Biological Sciences

Publication Date



Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli, and a Campylobacter-like organism were isolated from a number of natural water sources in central Washington, including ponds, lakes, and small mountain streams at elevations ranging from 1,460 to 5,400 feet (ca. 445 to 1,646 m) above sea level. At the two sites where extensive sampling was done, the bacteria were recovered throughout the year. Generally, the recovery rates were highest in the fall and winter months and lowest during the spring and summer months. Campylobacter density did not show significant correlation with microbiological (plate counts of fecal and total coliforms, fecal streptococci, and heterotrophic bacteria) or physical (water temperature, pH, and conductivity) parameters.


This article was originally published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology. The full-text article from the publisher can be found here.

Due to copyright restrictions, this article is not available for free download from ScholarWorks @ CWU.


Applied and Environmental Microbiology


Copyright © 1987, American Society for Microbiology