Development methodologies for ontology-based knowledge management systems: A review

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Department or Administrative Unit

IT and Administrative Management

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Knowledge management systems (KMS) are computer-based systems highly valued in business organizations because they support knowledge management (KM) processes. Most KMS have been developed using non-intelligent computer technology—that is, DMS, CMS, DBMS, and CIS—, and thus, they cannot provide advanced capabilities. Consequently, enhanced KMS using intelligent technologies of ontologies with inference engines—called ontology-based knowledge management systems (OKMS)—have been proposed in the last three decades. Nowadays, however, the implementation of OKMS in real-world settings is still scarce. Lack of comprehensive and systematic development methodologies including Project Management and Technical Systems Engineering processes—as the Systems and Software Systems Engineering standards propose—have been suggested as a factor that inhibits OKMS implementations. In this study, we review the OKMS literature (1990–2021 period)—from six seminal studies located using a research search engine—to assess OKMS development methodologies that can be considered comprehensive and systematic. Five methodologies were identified and assessed using an evaluation subset from the ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288:2015 Systems and Software Engineering standard. Two of them—CommonKADS and NeON—were found with a high comprehensive and systematic level and both are suggested for organizations interested in OKMS implementations, but none of them qualified as agile, which is a current development approach for systems and software systems. Hence, further empirical research toward the realization of comprehensive and systematic OKMSs development methodologies, including agile versions, is suggested for fostering the implementation of OKMS in real-world settings.


This article was originally published in Expert Systems. The full-text article from the publisher can be found here.

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Expert Systems


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