Clustering and Visualization of Geodetic Array Data Streams using Self-Organizing Maps
Department or Administrative Unit
The Pacific Northwest Geodesic Array at Central Washington University collects telemetered streaming data from 450 GPS stations. These real-time data are used to monitor and mitigate natural hazards arising from earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, and coastal sea-level hazards in the Pacific Northwest. Recent improvements in both accuracy of positioning measurements and latency of terrestrial data communication have led to the ability to collect data with higher sampling rates. For seismic monitoring applications, this means 1350 separate position streams from stations located across 1200 km along the West Coast of North America must be able to be both visually observed and automatically analyzed at a sampling rate of up to 1 Hz. Our goal is to efficiently extract and visualize useful information from these data streams. We propose a method to visualize the geodetic data by clustering the signal types with a Self-Organizing Map (SOM). The similarity measure in the SOM is determined by the similarity of signals received from GPS stations. Signals are transformed to symbol strings, and the distance measure in the SOM is defined by an edit distance. The symbol strings represent data streams and the SOM is dynamic. We overlap the resulted dynamic SOM on the Google Maps representation.
Popovici, R., Andonie, R., Szeliga, W. M., Melbourne, T. I., & Scrivner, C. W. (2014). Clustering and visualization of geodetic array data streams using self-organizing maps. 2014 IEEE Symposium on Computational Intelligence for Multimedia, Signal and Vision Processing (CIMSIVP). https://doi.org/10.1109/cimsivp.2014.7013290
2014 IEEE Symposium on Computational Intelligence for Multimedia, Signal and Vision Processing (CIMSIVP)
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