Resistance, Adaptation, and Transformation: How Global Forces Shaped Religion in South Asia

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Book Chapter

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When different religious cultures come into contact with one another, adaptation is often the result. This adaptation can be viewed as a response to a perceived threat from an alternative religion trying to "compete" for patrons. That is, this adaptation can be viewed as a "competitive" response to an encroaching religion. Throughout history, trade among countries often provided a context for religious adaptation, and that adaptation helped facilitate trading relationships. This paper provides a theory of such adaptation. The United States can learn from this basic model of adaptation to integrate itself better with an increasingly globalized world.


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East-West Connections Journal