Egocentric reciprocity and the role of friendship and anger
Department or Administrative Unit
In this research, we examine the phenomenon of egocentric reciprocity, where individuals protect self-interest by adopting an eye-for-an-eye strategy in negatively imbalanced exchanges, and by taking advantage of overly generous treatment in positively imbalanced exchanges. We conducted two experiments using a modified ultimatum game examining attitudinal and behavioral responses to imbalanced exchanges. The experiments allowed us to explore the moderating role of relational closeness (i.e., whether the game partner was a friend or a stranger) and the mediating role of anger and indebtedness in these moderated relationships. Our results consistently demonstrate the phenomenon of egocentric reciprocity. Most importantly, this research reveals that friendship places a boundary on this egocentric tendency, and that the effects may partially be explained by anger experienced in response to exchange.
Chen, X. P., Eberly, M. B., Bachrach, D. G., Wu, K., & Qu, Q. (2017). Egocentric reciprocity and the role of friendship and anger. The Journal of Social Psychology, 157(6), 720–735. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224545.2017.1284739
The Journal of Social Psychology
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