## Computer Science Faculty Scholarship

#### Title

Optimal algorithms for the multiple query problem on reconfigurable meshes, with applications

Article

Computer Science

9-2001

#### Abstract

The main contribution of this work is to show that a number of fundamental and seemingly unrelated problems in database design, pattern recognition, robotics, computational geometry, and image processing can be solved simply and elegantly by stating them as instances of a unifying algorithmic framework that we call the multiple query problem. The multiple query problem (MQ, for short) is a 5-tuple (Q, A, D, /spl phi/, /spl oplus/), where Q is a set of queries, A is a set of items, D is a set of solutions, /spl phi/: Q/spl times/A/spl rarr/D is a function, and /spl oplus/ is a commutative and associative binary operator over D. The input to the MQ problem consists of a sequence Q= of m queries from Q and of a sequence A= of n items from A. The goal is to compute, for every query q/sub i/ (1/spl les/i/spl les/m) its solution defined as /spl phi/(q/sub i/,A)=/spl phi/(q/sub i/,a/sub 1/)/spl oplus//spl phi/(q/sub i/,a/sub 2/)/spl oplus//spl middot//spl middot//spl middot//spl oplus//spl phi/(q/sub i/,a/sub n/). We begin by discussing a generic algorithm that solves a large class of MQ problems in O(/spl radic/m+f(n)) time on a reconfigurable mesh of size /spl radic/n/spl times//spl radic/n, where f(n) is the time necessary to compute the expression d/sub 1/ /spl oplus/ d/sub 2/ /spl oplus//spl middot//spl middot//spl middot//spl oplus/ d/sub n/ with d/sub i/ /spl isin/ D on such a platform. We then go on to show that the MQ framework affords us an optimal algorithm for the multiple point location problem on a reconfigurable mesh of size /spl radic/n/spl times//spl radic/n. Given a set A of n points and a set Q of m (m/spl les/n) points in the plane, our algorithm reports, in O(/spl radic/m+log log n) time, all points of Q that lie inside the convex hull of A. Quite surprisingly, our algorithm solves the multiple point location problem without computing the convex hull of A which, in itself, takes /spl Omega/(/spl radic/n) time on a reconfigurable mesh of size /spl radic/n/spl times//spl radic/n. Finally, we prove an /spl Omega/(/spl radic/m+g(n)) time lower bound for nontrivial MQ problems, where g(n) is the lower bound for evaluating the expression d/sub 1/ /spl oplus/ d/sub 2/ /spl oplus//spl middot//spl middot//spl middot//spl oplus/ d/sub n/ with d/sub i/ /spl isin/ D, on a reconfigurable mesh of size /spl radic/n/spl times//spl radic/n.

This article was originally published in IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems. The full-text article from the publisher can be found here.

#### Journal

IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems