Benchmarking Machine-Learning-Based Object Detection on a UAV and Mobile Platform

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Department or Administrative Unit

Computer Science

Publication Date



Object detection systems mounted on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have gained momentum in recent years in light of the widespread use cases enabled by such systems in public safety and other areas. Machine learning has emerged as an enabler for improving the performance of object detection. However, there is little existing work that has studied the performance of the machine learning approach, which is computationally resource demanding, in a portable mobile platform for UAV based object detection in user mobility scenarios. This paper evaluates an integrated real-world testbed for this scenario, by employing commercial-off-the-shelf devices including a UAV system and a machine-learning-enabled mobile platform. It presents benchmarking results about the performance of popular machine learning and computer vision frameworks such as TensorFlow and OpenCV and the associated algorithms such as YOLO, embedded in a smartphone execution environment of limited resources. The results highlight opportunities and provide insights into technical gaps to be filled to realize real-time machine-learning-based object detection on a mobile platform with constrained resources.


This article was originally published in 2019 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC). The full-text article from the publisher can be found here.

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2019 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC)


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