This collection showcases scholarly and creative work by faculty members of the College of the Sciences at Central Washington University.

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Submissions from 2021

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Carbonaceous matter in the atmosphere and glaciers of the Himalayas and the Tibetan plateau: An investigative review, Chaoliu Li, Fangping Yan, Shichang Kang, Caiqing Yan, Zhaofu Hu, Pengfei Chen, Shaopeng Gao, Chao Zhang, Cenlin He, Susan Kaspari, and Aron Stubbins

Submissions from 2020

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Weighted Random Search for CNN Hyperparameter Optimization, Rǎzvan Andonie and Adrian-Cǎtǎlin Florea

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Geochronology of the middle Eocene Purple Bench locality (Devil’s Graveyard Formation), Trans-Pecos Texas, USA, Amy L. Atwater, Kelly D. Thomson, E. Christopher Kirk, Meaghan Emery-Wetherell, Logan Wetherell, and Daniel F. Stockli

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Modular synthesis and transition metal-free alkynylation/alkenylation of Castagnoli–Cushmanderived N,O- and N,S-heterocyclic vinyl chlorides, Timothy K. Beng, Abdikani Omar Farah, and Victoria Shearer

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Catalytic, selective, and stereocontrolled construction of C4 quaternary and homobenzylic dihydroisoquinolones by sp3 C–H benzylation, Timothy K. Beng and Antonio Moreno

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Site-selective, catalytic, and diastereoselective sp3 C–H hydroxylation and alkoxylation of vicinally functionalized lactams, Timothy K. Beng, Victoria Shearer, Rachel Davey, and Ivianne Redman

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Diagnosing open-system magmatic processes using the Magma Chamber Simulator (MCS): part I—major elements and phase equilibria, Wendy A. Bohrson, Frank J. Spera, Jussi S. Heinonen, Guy A. Brown, Melissa A. Scruggs, Jenna V. Adams, Marie K. Takach, Garrett Zeff, and Einari Suikkanen

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Population Characteristics of the Mexican Spotted Wood Turtle (Rhinoclemmys rubida perixantha) Along the Pacific Coast of Mexico, Taggert G. Butterfield, Daniel D. Beck, and Rodrigo Macip-Ríos

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The nutritional status of children living within institutionalized care: a systematic review, Emily DeLacey, Cally Tann, Nora Groce, Maria Kett, Michael Quiring, Ethan Bergman, Caryl Garcia, and Marko Kerac

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Herschel Gould Belt Survey Observations of Dense Cores in the Cepheus Flare Clouds, James Di Francesco, Jared Keown, Cassandra Fallscheer, Philippe André, Bilal Ladjelate, Vera Könyves, Alexander Men'shchikov, Shaun Stephens-Whale, Quang Nguyen-Luong, Peter Martin, Sarah Sadavoy, Stefano Pezzuto, Eleonora Fiorellino, Milena Benedettini, Nicola Schneider, Sylvain Bontemps, Doris Arzoumanian, Pedro Palmeirim, Jason M. Kirk, and Derek Ward-Thompson

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A new early occurrence of Cervidae in North America from the Miocene-Pliocene Ellensburg Formation in Washington, USA, Meaghan M. Emery-Wetherell and Joseph F. Schilter

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Transition metal-free domino acyl substitution/Michael addition of alkenyl Grignard reagents to lactam esters: synthesis of lactam-bearing homoallylic ketones, Abdikani Omar Farah, Muhannad Rabah, and Timothy K. Beng

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Modeling Multi-Targets Sentiment Classification via Graph Convolutional Networks and Auxiliary Relation, Ao Feng, Zhengjie Gao, Xinyu Song, Ke Ke, Tianhao Xu, and Xuelei Zhang

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Chronic inflammation was a major predictor and determinant factor of anemia in lactating women in Sidama zone southern Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study, Tafere Gebreegziabher, Taylor Roice, and Barbara J. Stoecker

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Diagnosing open-system magmatic processes using the Magma Chamber Simulator (MCS): part II—trace elements and isotopes, Jussi S. Heinonen, Wendy A. Bohrson, Frank J. Spera, Guy A. Brown, Melissa A. Scruggs, and Jenna V. Adams

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Hot but Not Dry: Modest Changes in Water Relations for an Epiphytic Bromeliad in a Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest, Saúl Hernández-Robinson, Eric A. Graham, Olivia Hernández-González, Roberth Us-Santamaría, José Luis Simá, Fernando Arellano-Martín, and José Luis Andrade

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Contact in the Unitary Fermi Gas across the Superfluid Phase Transition, S. Jensen, Christopher N. Gilbreth, and Y. Alhassid

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Twentieth Century Black Carbon and Dust Deposition on South Cascade Glacier, Washington State, USA, as Reconstructed From a 158‐m‐Long Ice Core, Susan D. Kaspari, Dan Pittenger, T. M. Jenk, U. Morgenstern, M. Schwikowski, N. Buenning, and L. Stott

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Plate boundary trench retreat and dextral shear drive intracontinental fault-slip histories: Neogene dextral faulting across the Gabbs Valley and Gillis Ranges, Central Walker Lane, Nevada, Jeffrey Lee, Andrew K. R. Hoxey, Andrew Calvert, and Peter Dubyoski

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The Behavioral Ecology of the Tibetan Macaque, Jin-Hua Li, Peter M. Kappeler, and Lixing Sun

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Refractory black carbon (rBC) variability in a 47-year West Antarctic snow and firn core, Marquetto Luciano, Susan Kaspari, and Jefferson Cardia Simões

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No Significant Differences in Muscle Growth and Strength Development When Consuming Soy and Whey Protein Supplements Matched for Leucine Following a 12 Week Resistance Training Program in Men and Women: A Randomized Trial, Heidi M. Lynch, Matthew P. Buman, Jared M. Dickinson, Lynda B. Ransdell, Carol S. Johnson, and Christopher M. Wharton

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Mass and Number Size Distributions of rBC in Snow and Firn Samples From Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica, Luciano Marquetto, Susan Kaspari, and Jefferson Cardia Simões

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Noise Characteristics of Operational Real‐Time High‐Rate GNSS Positions in a Large Aperture Network, Diego Melgar, Brendan W. Crowell, Timothy I. Melbourne, Walter Szeliga, Marcelo Santillan, and Craig Scivner

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Learning in Feedforward Neural Networks Accelerated by Transfer Entropy, Adrian Moldovan, Angel Caţaron, and Rǎzvan Andonie

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Changing Mantle Sources and the Effects of Crustal Passage on the Steens Basalt, SE Oregon: Chemical and Isotopic Constraints, Nicole E. Moore, A. L. Grunder, Wendy A. Bohrson, Richard W. Carlson, and I. N. Bindeman

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Semiotic Aggregation in Deep Learning, Bogdan Muşat and Răzvan Andonie

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Low-Intensity Continuous Ultrasound for the Symptomatic Treatment of Upper Shoulder and Neck Pain: A Randomized, Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial, Stephanie Petterson, Kevin Plancher, Dominic Klyve, David Draper, and Ralph Ortiz

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Detection of neopterin in the urine of captive and wild platyrrhines, Alexandra J. Sacco, Jessica A. Mayhew, Mrinalini Watsa, Gideon Erkenswick, and April K. Binder

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Glacial Earthquakes and Precursory Seismicity Associated With Thwaites Glacier Calving, J. Paul Winberry, Audrey D. Huerta, Sridhar Anandakrishnan, Richhard C. Aster, Andrew A. Nyblade, and Douglas A. Wiens

Submissions from 2019

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Connectivity and Nitrate Uptake Potential of Intermittent Streams in the Northeast USA, Kelly Addy, Arthur J. Gold, Molly K. Welsh, Peter V. August, Mark H. Stolt, Clay P. Arango, and Peter M. Groffman

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Modeling Tropical Diversity in the Undergraduate Classroom: Novel Curriculum to Engage Students in Authentic Scientific Practicesum to Engage Students in Authentic Scientific Practices, Jana Bouwma-Gearhart, Sarah Adumat, Allyson Rogan-Klyve, and Andrew M. Bouwma

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Classification of Stars using Stellar Spectra collected by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Michael Brice and Răzvan Andonie

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Automated Morgan Keenan Classification of Observed Stellar Spectra Collected by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Using a Single Classifier, Michael J. Brice and Răzvan Andonie

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Population Genetic Structure of Vervet Monkeys in South Africa, Willem G. Coetzer, Joseph G. Lorenz, Nelson B. Freimer, and J. Paul Grobler

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Tidal and spatial variability of flow speed and seismicity near the grounding zone of Beardmore Glacier, Antarctica, Jade Cooley, J. Paul Winberry, Michelle Koutnik, and Howard Conway

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Dextral, normal, and sinistral faulting across the eastern California shear zone-Mina deflection transition, California-Nevada, USA, Kevin DeLano, Jeffrey Lee, Rachelle Roper, and Andrew Calvert

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Cardiorespiratory Responses to Shallow Water Exercise: A Sex Comparison, Mitchell Grant Fisher, Laura Jean Miller, Jerusalem Tesfaye, Karen Roemer, Debra Mary D'Acquisto, and Leo Joseph D'Acquisto

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Weighted Random Search for Hyperparameter Optimization, Adrian-Cǎtǎlin Florea and Rǎzvan Andonie

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Ethiopia’s high childhood undernutrition explained: analysis of the prevalence and key correlates based on recent nationally representative data, Tafere Gebreegziabher and Nigatu Regassa

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Iodine supplementation of lactating women and assessment of infant visual information processing and maternal and infant thyroid function: A randomized trial, Tafere Gebreegziabher, Tesfaye Woltamo, David G. Thomas, Tay S. Kennedy, and Barbara J. Stoecker

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Tools for Prescreening the Most Active Sites on Ir and Rh Clusters toward C−H Bond Cleavage of Ethane: NBO Charges and Wiberg Bond Indexes, Yingbin Ge, Anna Le, Gregory J. Marquino, Phuc Q. Nguyen, Kollin Trujillo, Morgan Schimelfenig, and Ashley Noble

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Deep open storage and shallow closed transport system for a continental flood basalt sequence revealed with Magma Chamber Simulator, Jussi S. Heinonen, Arto V. Luttinen, Frank J. Spera, and Wendy A. Bohrson

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A new record of deeper and colder subduction in the Acatlán complex, Mexico: Evidence from phase equilibrium modelling and Zr-in-rutile thermometry, David Hernández-Uribe, Fabián Gutiérrez-Aguilar, Chris G. Mattinson, Richard M. Palin, and Owen K. Neill

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The pseudogap regime in the unitary Fermi gas, Scott Jensen, Christopher N. Gilbreth, and Yoram Alhassid

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Interpretable Knowledge Discovery Reinforced by Visual Methods, Boris Kovalerchuk

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Parameterized approximation algorithms for some location problems in graphs, Arne Leitert and Feodor F. Dragan

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Radiative Forcing by Dust and Black Carbon on the Juneau Icefield, Alaska, Sonia A. Nagorski, Susan D. Kaspari, Eran Hood, Jason B. Fellman, and S. McKenzie Skiles

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Mapping Crustal Shear Wave Velocity Structure and Radial Anisotropy Beneath West Antarctica Using Seismic Ambient Noise, J. P. O'Donnell, Audrey D. Huerta, and J. Paul Winberry

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Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on 25(OH)D Status in Elite Athletes With Spinal Cord Injury, Kelly Pritchett, Robert C. Pritchett, Lauren Stark, Ellizabeth Broad, and Melissa LaCroix

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Free and open source GIS in South America: political inroads and local advocacy, Sterling Quinn

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Alternatives to genetic affinity as a context for within-species response to climate, Adam B. Smith, Erik A. Beever, and Kristina A. Ernest

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Vervet Monkeys (Chlorocebus pygerthrus), Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), and Humans (Homo sapiens): Studying Interactions Using Stable Isotope Analysis, Matt Sponheimer, James E. Loudon, J. Paul Grobler, Kimberly Moyer, and Joseph G. Lorenz

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Seismic observations of crevasse growth following rain-induced glacier acceleration, Haupapa/Tasman Glacier, New Zealand, Samuel Taylor-Offord, Huw Horgan, John Townend, and J. Paul Winberry

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Global patterns and drivers of ecosystem functioning in rivers and riparian zones, Scott D. Tiegs and Clay Arango

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Seismic Tremor Reveals Spatial Organization and Temporal Changes of Subglacial Water System, Margot E. Vore, Timothy C. Bartholomaus, J. Paul Winberry, Jacob I. Walter, and Jason M. Amundson

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Magnetocaloric effect near room temperature in quintenary and sextenary Heusler alloys, Benjamin D. White, R. I. Barabash, O. M. Barabash, I. Jeon, and M. B. Maple

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Heterogeneous upper mantle structure beneath the Ross Sea Embayment and Marie Byrd Land, West Antarctica, revealed by P-wave tomography, Austin L. White-Gaynor, Andrew A. Nyblade, Richard C. Aster, Douglas A. Wiens, Peter D. Bromirski, Peter Gerstoft, Ralph A. Stephen, Samantha E. Hansen, Terry Wilson, Ian W. Dalziel, Audrey D. Huerta, J. Paul Winberry, and Sridhar Anandakrishnan

Submissions from 2018

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Spectral Signatures of Submicron Scale Light-Absorbing Impurities in Snow and Ice Using Hyperspectral Microscopy, Farra Dal Anna, Susan Kaspari, James Beach, Thomas D. Bucheli, Michael Schaepman, and Margit Schwikowski

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Automatic Classification and Shift Detection of Facial Expressions in Event-Aware Smart Environments, Arne Bernin, Larissa Müller, Sobin Ghose, Christos Grecos, Qi Wang, Ralf Jettke, Kai von Luck, and Florian Vogt

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Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of Infrared Multiple Photon Dissociation Spectra of Aspartic Acid Complexes with Zn2+ and Cd2+, Georgia C. Boles, Randy L. Hightower, Rebecca A. Coates, Christopher P. McNary, Giel Berden, Jos Oomens, and P. B. Armentrout

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Habitat Use and Activity Patterns of a Terrestrial Turtle (Rhinoclemmys rubida perixantha) in a Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest, Taggert G. Butterfield, Alison Scoville, Andrés García, and Daniel D. Beck

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Transfer Information Energy: A Quantitative Indicator of Information Transfer between Time Series, Angel Caƫaron and Rǎzvan Andonie

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Segmenting Oil Spills from Blurry Images Based on Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers, Feng Chen, Huiyu Zhou, Christos Grecos, and Peng Ren

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Model for Coordination of Microtubule and Actin Dynamics in Growth Cone Turning, Erin M. Craig

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Titan’s Variable Ionosphere During the T118 and T119 Cassini Flybys, N. J. T. Edberg, E. Vigren, Darci Snowden, L. H. Regoli, O. Shebanits, J.-E. Wahlund, D. J. Andrews, C. Bertucci, and J. Cui

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Dental measurements do not diagnose modern artiodactyl species: Implications for the systematics of Merycoidodontoidea, Meaghan M. Emery-Wetherell and Edward Byrd Davis

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Energy and Nutrient Issues in Athletes with Spinal Cord Injury: Are They at Risk for Low Energy Availability?, Katherine Figel, Kelly Pritchett, Robert Pritchett, and Elizabeth Broad

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Social network and dominance hierarchy analyses at Chimpanzee Sanctuary Northwest, Jake A. Funkhouser, Jessica A. Mayhew, and John B. Mulcahy

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Comparative Investigations of Social Context-Dependent Dominance in Captive Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and Wild Tibetan Macaques (Macaca thibetana), Jake A. Funkhouser, Jessica A. Mayhew, Lori K. Sheeran, John B. Mulcahy, and Jin-Hua Lee

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Phase equilibrium modelling and implications for P-T determinations of medium-temperature UHP eclogites, North Qaidam terrane, China, David Hernández‐Uribe, Chris G. Mattinson, and Jianxin Zhang

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Using GIS and the Ecosystem Management Decision Support Tool for Forest Management on the Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Washington State, Robert Hickey, Jamie Cannon, and William Gaines

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The 2015 landslide and tsunami in Taan Fiord, Alaska, Bretwood Higman, Breanyn MacInnes, and Colin Bloom

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Tuning the magnetic ground state of Ce1−xYbxRhIn5 by Yb valence fluctuations, S. Jang, N. Pouse, T. Keiber, Benjamin White, S. M. Dissler, J. W. Lynn, J. C. Collini, M. Janoschek, F. Bridges, and M. Brian Maple

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Isotope Investigation of Nitrate in Soils and Agricultural Drains of the Lower Yakima Valley, Washington, Dallin P. Jensen and Carey Gazis

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Measuring and Evaluating Safety Maturity of Construction Contractors: Multicriteria Decision-Making Approach, Ali A. Karakhan, Sathyanarayanan Rajendran, John Gambatese, and Chukwuma Nnaji

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How to Calculate π: Machin's Inverse Tangents, A Mini-Primary Source Project for Calculus II Students, Dominic Klyve

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Effect of low-intensity long-duration ultrasound on the symptomatic relief of knee osteoarthritis: a randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind study, Dominic Klyve, Ralph Ortiz, Davie O. Draper, and Thomas M. Best

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Ground-truthing social vulnerability indices of Alaska fishing communities, Anna Lavoie, Kim Sparks, Stephen Kasperski, Amber Himes-Cornell, Kristin Hoelting, and Conor Maguire

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Salivary steroid hormone responses to dyadic table tennis competitions among Hong Kongese juvenile boys, Timothy S. McHale, Peter B. Gray, Ka-chun Chan, David T. Zava, and Wai-chi Chee

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GPS Vertical Land Motion Corrections to Sea-Level Rise Estimates in the Pacific Northwest, Jean-Philippe Montillet, Timothy I. Melbourne, and Walter M. Szeliga

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The three-stage petrochemical evolution of the Steens Basalt [southeast Oregon, USA] compared to large igneous provinces and layered mafic intrusions, N. E. Moore, A. L. Grunder, and Wendy A. Bohrson

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On the interaction of the North Andes plate with the Caribbean and South American plates in northwestern South America from GPS geodesy and seismic data, Omar J. Pérez, Steven G. Wesnousky, Roberto De La Rosa, Julio Márquez, Redescal Uzcátegui, Christian Quintero, Luis Liberal, Héctor Mora-Páez, and Walter Szeliga

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Temperature vs. Sm concentration phase diagram and quantum criticality in the correlated electron system Ce1-xSmxCoIn5, N. Pouse, S. Jang, Benjamin D. White, S. Ran, R. B. Adhikari, C. C. Almasan, and M. B. Maple

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Factors Influencing Family Physician Scope of Practice: A Grounded Theory Study, Randall Reitz, Kyle Horst, Maura Davenport, Shiela Klemmetsen, and Michael Clark

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Collective decision making in Tibetan macaques: how followers affect the rules and speed of group movement, Amanda K. Rowe, Lori Sheeran, Lixing Sun, R. Steven Wagner, and Jin-Hua Li

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Ancient human parallel lineages within North America contributed to a coastal expansion, C. L. Scheib, Hongjie Li, Tariq Desai, and Joseph G. Lorenz

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The Crust and Upper Mantle Structure of Central and West Antarctica From Bayesian Inversion of Rayleigh Wave and Receiver Functions, Weisen Shen, Audrey D. Huerta, and J. Paul Winberry

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Morphological variation in the genus Chlorocebus: Ecogeographic and anthropogenically mediated variation in body mass, postcranial morphology, and growth, Trudy R. Turner, Christopher A. Schmitt, Jennifer Danzy Cramer, Joseph Lorenz, J. Paul Grobler, Clifford J. Jolly, and Nelson B. Freimer

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Distinguishing slow cooling versus multiphase cooling and heating in zircon and apatite (U-Th)/He datasets: The case of the McClure Mountain syenite standard, Wesley R. Weisberg, James R. Metcalf, and Rebecca M. Flowers

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Playing it cool: Characterizing social play, bout termination, and candidate play signals of juvenile and infant Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana), Kaitlin R. Wright, Jessica A. Mayhew, Lori K. Sheeran, Jake A. Funkhouser, Ronald S. Wagner, Li-Xing Sun, and Jin-Hua Li

Submissions from 2017

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Origin of primitive ocean island basalts by crustal gabbro assimilation and multiple recharge of plume-derived melts, Anastassia Y. Borisova, Wendy A. Bohrson, and Michel Grégoire

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Asymptotically Unbiased Estimation of A Nonsymmetric Dependence Measure Applied to Sensor Data Analytics and Financial Time Series, Angel Caƫaron, Razvan Andonie, and Yvonne Chueh

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The spectral and chemical measurement of pollutants on snow near South Pole, Antarctica, Kimberly A. Casey, Susan D. Kaspari, S. M. Skiles, K. Kreutz, and M. J. Handley

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Exploring the Historical Earthquakes Preceding the Giant 1960 Chile Earthquake in a Time-Dependent Seismogenic Zone, Marco Cisternas, Matias Carvajal, Robert Wesson, Lisa L. Ely, and Nicolás Gorigoitia

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Unusual geologic evidence of coeval seismic shaking and tsunamis shows variability in earthquake size and recurrence in the area of the giant 1960 Chile earthquake, M. Cisternas, E. Garrett, R. Wesson, T. Dura, and Lisa L. Ely

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Polarity sorting of axonal microtubules: a computational study, Erin M. Craig, Howard T. Yeung, Anand N. Rao, and Peter W. Baas

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Polarity sorting of axonal microtubules: a computational study, Erin M. Craig, Howard T. Yeung, Anand N. Rao, and Peter W. Baas

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Taurine: A Potential Ergogenic Aid for Preventing Muscle Damage and Protein Catabolism and Decreasing Oxidative Stress Produced by Endurance Exercise, Flávia G. De Carvalho, Bryan S. M. Galan, Priscila C. Santos, Kelly Pritchett, Karina Pfrimer, Eduardo Ferriolli, Marcelo Papoti, Júlio S. Marchini, and Ellen C. de Freitas

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Subduction zone slip variability during the last millennium, south-central Chile, Tina Dura, Benjamin P. Horton, Marco Cisternas, Lisa L. Ely, Isabel Hong, Alan R. Nelson, Robert L. Wesson, Jessica E. Pilarczyk, Andrew C. Parnell, and Daria Nikitina