This collection showcases scholarly and creative work by faculty members of the College of the Sciences at Central Washington University.

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Submissions from 2021

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Excessive intake of iodine and low prevalence of goiter in school age children five years after implementation of national salt iodization in Shebedino woreda, southern Ethiopia, Elilta Elias, Workneh Tsegaya, Barbara J. Stoecker, and Tafere Gebreegziabher Belay

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Runaway Stars as Possible Sources of the Elliptical Ring Structures in NGC 7538, Josephine Fenske, Jason Arakawa, Cassandra Fallscheer, and James Di Francesco

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Was facial width-to-height ratio subject to sexual selection pressures? A life course approach, Carolyn R. Hodges-Simeon, Graham Albert, George B. Richardson, Timothy S. McHale, Seth M. Weinberg, Michael Gurven, and Steven J.C. Gaulin

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Evidence supporting micro-galvanic coupling in sulphides leads to gold deposition, Jamie S. Laird, Angela Halfpenny, Chris G. Ryan, and Weihua Liu

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Carbonaceous matter in the atmosphere and glaciers of the Himalayas and the Tibetan plateau: An investigative review, Chaoliu Li, Fangping Yan, Shichang Kang, Caiqing Yan, Zhaofu Hu, Pengfei Chen, Shaopeng Gao, Chao Zhang, Cenlin He, Susan Kaspari, and Aron Stubbins

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Seismicity and Pn Velocity Structure of Central West Antarctica, Erica M. Lucas, Andrew A. Nyblade, Andrew J. Lloyd, Richard C. Aster, Douglas A. Wiens, John Paul O'Donnell, Graham W. Stuart, Terry J. Wilson, Ian W. D. Dalziel, J. Paul Winberry, and Audrey D. Huerta

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Presidential Power Meets the Art of the Deal: Applying Neustadt to the Trump Presidency, Todd M. Schaefer

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A Monte Carlo model of energy deposition, ionization, and sputtering due to thermal ion precipitation into Titan's upper atmosphere, Darci Snowden and Alexandre Higgins

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Impacts of the COVID‐19 pandemic on mammals at tourism destinations: a systematic review, Rie Usui, Lori K. Sheeran, Ashton M. Asbury, and Maurice Blackson

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Quantifying sedimentation patterns of small landslide‐dammed lakes in the central Oregon Coast Range, Logan R. Wetherell, Lisa L. Ely, Joshua J. Roering, Megan K. Walsh, Molly J. Burchfield, Keifer E. Nace, Meaghan M. Wetherell, and William T. Struble

Submissions from 2020

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Weighted Random Search for CNN Hyperparameter Optimization, Rǎzvan Andonie and Adrian-Cǎtǎlin Florea

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Geochronology of the middle Eocene Purple Bench locality (Devil’s Graveyard Formation), Trans-Pecos Texas, USA, Amy L. Atwater, Kelly D. Thomson, E. Christopher Kirk, Meaghan Emery-Wetherell, Logan Wetherell, and Daniel F. Stockli

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Chronic inflammation was a major predictor and determinant factor of anemia in lactating women in Sidama zone southern Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study, Tafere Gebreegziabher Belay, Taylor Roice, and Barbara J. Stoecker

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Investigation of Dalea parryi (Fabaceae) metabolites for anthelmintic activity against the human pathogenic hookworm Ancylostoma ceylanicum, Gil Belofsky, Lindsay Engels, Victoria McPherson, Katherine Nash, Kiah Sullivan, Brendon Torrey, Cassandra Ripley, Angel Coria, Teresa Bicchieri, and Blaise Dondji

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Modular access to formamide-tethered α-halo ynones via the deconstructive oxo-halogenation of readily available α-alkynyl eneformamides, Timothy K. Beng and Abdikani Omar Farah

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Modular synthesis and transition metal-free alkynylation/alkenylation of Castagnoli–Cushmanderived N,O- and N,S-heterocyclic vinyl chlorides, Timothy K. Beng, Abdikani Omar Farah, and Victoria Shearer

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Skeletal remodelling of α-substituted cyclic eneformamides to α-ketonyl cyclic amines, Timothy K. Beng, Jorge Garcia, Meagan Smith, and Alexis O. Orellana

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Catalytic, selective, and stereocontrolled construction of C4 quaternary and homobenzylic dihydroisoquinolones by sp3 C–H benzylation, Timothy K. Beng and Antonio Moreno

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Copper-catalyzed alkenylation of novel N-iodoarylated allylic ketopiperazinonates with unactivated alkenes, Timothy K. Beng and Antonio Moreno

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Site-selective, catalytic, and diastereoselective sp3 C–H hydroxylation and alkoxylation of vicinally functionalized lactams, Timothy K. Beng, Victoria Shearer, Rachel Davey, and Ivianne Redman

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Catastrophic landscape modification from a massive landslide tsunami in Taan Fiord, Alaska, Colin K. Bloom, Breanyn T. MacInnes, Bretwood Higman, Dan H. Shugar, Jeremy G. Venditti, Bruce Richmond, and Eric L. Bilderback

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Diagnosing open-system magmatic processes using the Magma Chamber Simulator (MCS): part I—major elements and phase equilibria, Wendy A. Bohrson, Frank J. Spera, Jussi S. Heinonen, Guy A. Brown, Melissa A. Scruggs, Jenna V. Adams, Marie K. Takach, Garrett Zeff, and Einari Suikkanen

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A Single-chord Stellar Occultation by the Extreme Trans-Neptunian Object (541132) Leleākūhonua, Marc W. Buie, Rodrigo Leiva, John M. Keller, Josselin Desmars, Bruno Sicardy, J. J. Kavelaars, Terry Bridges, Robert Weryk, Dave Herald, Sean L. Haley, Ryder Strauss, Elizabeth Wilde, Robert Baker, Ken Conway, Bryan Dean, Mackenzie Dunham, James J. Estes, Naemi Fiechter, Rima Givot, Cameron Glibbery, Bruce Gowe, Jennifer N. Hayman, Olivia L. Ireland, Matthew Kehrli, Erik M. Moore, Matthew A. MacDonald, Delsie McCrystal, Paola Mendoza, Bruce Palmquist, Sherry Rennau, Ramsey Schar, Diana J. Swanson, Emma D. Terris, Holly Werts, and J. A. Wise

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Population Characteristics of the Mexican Spotted Wood Turtle (Rhinoclemmys rubida perixantha) Along the Pacific Coast of Mexico, Taggert G. Butterfield, Daniel D. Beck, and Rodrigo Macip-Ríos

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Morphology, Performance, and Ecology of Three Sympatric Turtles in a Tropical Dry Forest, Taggert Butterfield, Mark Olson, Daniel D. Beck, and Rodrigo Macip-Ríos

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Do Perceptions of Legitimacy and Fairness Matter in Prison? Examining How Procedural and Distributive Justice Relate to Misconduct, Christopher M. Campbell, Ryan M. Labrecque, Roger L. Schaefer, Molly Harvis, Karma Rose Zavita, Leah Reddy, and Kayla Labranche

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The nutritional status of children living within institutionalized care: a systematic review, Emily DeLacey, Cally Tann, Nora Groce, Maria Kett, Michael Quiring, Ethan Bergman, Caryl Garcia, and Marko Kerac

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Herschel Gould Belt Survey Observations of Dense Cores in the Cepheus Flare Clouds, James Di Francesco, Jared Keown, Cassandra Fallscheer, Philippe André, Bilal Ladjelate, Vera Könyves, Alexander Men'shchikov, Shaun Stephens-Whale, Quang Nguyen-Luong, Peter Martin, Sarah Sadavoy, Stefano Pezzuto, Eleonora Fiorellino, Milena Benedettini, Nicola Schneider, Sylvain Bontemps, Doris Arzoumanian, Pedro Palmeirim, Jason M. Kirk, and Derek Ward-Thompson

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A new early occurrence of Cervidae in North America from the Miocene-Pliocene Ellensburg Formation in Washington, USA, Meaghan M. Emery-Wetherell and Joseph F. Schilter

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Prominent thermal anomalies in the mantle transition zone beneath the Transantarctic Mountains, Erica L. Emry, Andrew D. Nyblade, Alan Horton, Samantha E. Hansen, Jordi Julià, Richard C. Aster, Audrey D. Huerta, J. Paul Winberry, Douglas A. Wiens, and Terry J. Wilson

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Transition metal-free domino acyl substitution/Michael addition of alkenyl Grignard reagents to lactam esters: synthesis of lactam-bearing homoallylic ketones, Abdikani Omar Farah, Muhannad Rabah, and Timothy K. Beng

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Modeling Multi-Targets Sentiment Classification via Graph Convolutional Networks and Auxiliary Relation, Ao Feng, Zhengjie Gao, Xinyu Song, Ke Ke, Tianhao Xu, and Xuelei Zhang

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Holocene relative sea-level change along the tectonically active Chilean coast, Ed Garrett, Daniel Melnick, Tina Dura, Marco Cisternas, Lisa L. Ely, Robert L. Wesson, Julius Jara-Muñoz, and Pippa L. Whitehouse

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Human reproductive behavior, life history, and the Challenge Hypothesis: A 30-year review, retrospective and future directions, Peter B. Gray, Alex A. Straftis, Brian M. Bird, Timothy S. McHale, and Samuele Zilioli

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Diagnosing open-system magmatic processes using the Magma Chamber Simulator (MCS): part II—trace elements and isotopes, Jussi S. Heinonen, Wendy A. Bohrson, Frank J. Spera, Guy A. Brown, Melissa A. Scruggs, and Jenna V. Adams

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Do Nontechnical Skills Affect Legal Outcomes After Endoscopic Perforations?, Lyndon V. Hernandez, Dominic Klyve, Lauren Feld, Guda Nalini, and Andrew Feld

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Hot but Not Dry: Modest Changes in Water Relations for an Epiphytic Bromeliad in a Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest, Saúl Hernández-Robinson, Eric A. Graham, Olivia Hernández-González, Roberth Us-Santamaría, José Luis Simá, Fernando Arellano-Martín, and José Luis Andrade

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Branching out as a mentor, Robert Hickey

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Testosterone, cortisol, and secretory immunoglobulin-A within a single day and across two sequential days among trans- and cis-gender men, Carolyn R. Hodges-Simeon, Graham P.O. Grail, Graham Albert, Nicholas Landry, Triana L. Ortiz, Justin M. Carré, Timothy S. McHale, and Steven A. Arnocky

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Contact in the Unitary Fermi Gas across the Superfluid Phase Transition, S. Jensen, Christopher N. Gilbreth, and Y. Alhassid

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Twentieth Century Black Carbon and Dust Deposition on South Cascade Glacier, Washington State, USA, as Reconstructed From a 158‐m‐Long Ice Core, Susan D. Kaspari, Dan Pittenger, T. M. Jenk, U. Morgenstern, M. Schwikowski, N. Buenning, and L. Stott

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Plate boundary trench retreat and dextral shear drive intracontinental fault-slip histories: Neogene dextral faulting across the Gabbs Valley and Gillis Ranges, Central Walker Lane, Nevada, Jeffrey Lee, Andrew K. R. Hoxey, Andrew Calvert, and Peter Dubyoski

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Quaternary slip rates on the White Mountains fault zone, eastern California: Implications for comparing geologic to geodetic slip rates across the Walker Lane, Zachery M. Lifton, Jeffrey Lee, Kurt L. Frankel, Andrew V. Newman, and Jeffrey M. Schroeder

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The Behavioral Ecology of the Tibetan Macaque, Jin-Hua Li, Peter M. Kappeler, and Lixing Sun

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Blind Testing of Faunal Identification Protocols: A Case Study with North American Artiodactyl Stylohyoids, Patrick M. Lubinski, R. Lee Ryan, and Matthew P. Johnson

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P- and S-wave velocity structure of central West Antarctica: Implications for the tectonic evolution of the West Antarctic Rift System, Erica M. Lucas, David Soto, Andrew A. Nyblade, Andrew J. Lloyd, Richard C. Aster, Douglas A. Wiens, John Paul O'Donnell, Graham W. Stuart, Terry J. Wilson, Ian W. Dalziel, J. Paul Winberry, and Audrey D. Huerta

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Refractory black carbon (rBC) variability in a 47-year West Antarctic snow and firn core, Marquetto Luciano, Susan Kaspari, and Jefferson Cardia Simões

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No Significant Differences in Muscle Growth and Strength Development When Consuming Soy and Whey Protein Supplements Matched for Leucine Following a 12 Week Resistance Training Program in Men and Women: A Randomized Trial, Heidi M. Lynch, Matthew P. Buman, Jared M. Dickinson, Lynda B. Ransdell, Carol S. Johnson, and Christopher M. Wharton

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Refractory Black Carbon Results and a Method Comparison between Solid-state Cutting and Continuous Melting Sampling of a West Antarctic Snow and Firn Core, Luciano Marquetto, Susan D. Kaspari, Jefferson Cardia Simōes, and Emil Babik

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Mass and Number Size Distributions of rBC in Snow and Firn Samples From Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica, Luciano Marquetto, Susan Kaspari, and Jefferson Cardia Simões

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Social Cohesion and Environmental Governance Among the Comcaac of Northern Mexico, Natalia Martínez-Tagüeña and Rodrigo F. Rentería-Valencia

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Salivary aldosterone and cortisone respond differently to high- and low-psychologically stressful soccer competitions, Timothy S. McHale, Wai-Chi Chee, Carolyn R. Hodges-Simeon, David T. Zava, Graham Albert, Ka-Chun Chan, and Peter B. Gray

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Noise Characteristics of Operational Real‐Time High‐Rate GNSS Positions in a Large Aperture Network, Diego Melgar, Brendan W. Crowell, Timothy I. Melbourne, Walter Szeliga, Marcelo Santillan, and Craig Scivner

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Learning in Feedforward Neural Networks Accelerated by Transfer Entropy, Adrian Moldovan, Angel Caţaron, and Rǎzvan Andonie

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Estimation of the Vertical Land Motion from GNSS Time Series and Application in Quantifying Sea-Level Rise, Jean-Philippe Montillet, Machiel S. Bos, Timothy I. Melbourne, Simon D.P. Williams, Rui M.S. Fernandes, and Walter Szeliga

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Changing Mantle Sources and the Effects of Crustal Passage on the Steens Basalt, SE Oregon: Chemical and Isotopic Constraints, Nicole E. Moore, A. L. Grunder, Wendy A. Bohrson, Richard W. Carlson, and I. N. Bindeman

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Semiotic Aggregation in Deep Learning, Bogdan Muşat and Răzvan Andonie

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Low-Intensity Continuous Ultrasound for the Symptomatic Treatment of Upper Shoulder and Neck Pain: A Randomized, Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial, Stephanie Petterson, Kevin Plancher, Dominic Klyve, David Draper, and Ralph Ortiz

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Detection of neopterin in the urine of captive and wild platyrrhines, Alexandra J. Sacco, Jessica A. Mayhew, Mrinalini Watsa, Gideon Erkenswick, and April K. Binder

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Dendrochronological dating of landslides in western Oregon: Searching for signals of the Cascadia A.D. 1700 earthquake, William T. Struble, Joshua J. Roering, Bryan A. Black, William J. Burns, Nancy Calhoun, and Logan Wetherell

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Comparing satellite and helicopter-based methods for observing crevasses, application in East Antarctica, S. S. Thompson, S. Cook, B. Kulessa, J. Paul Winberry, A. D. Fraser, and B. K. Galton-Fenzi

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The Post-Wildfire Impact of Burn Severity and Age on Black Carbon Snow Deposition and Implications for Snow Water Resources, Cascade Range, Washington, Ted M. Uecker, Susan D. Kaspari, Keith N. Musselman, and S. McKenzie Skiles

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Toward Near‐Field Tsunami Forecasting Along the Cascadia Subduction Zone Using Rapid GNSS Source Models, Amy L. Williamson, Diego Melgar, Brendan W. Crowell, Diego Argas, Timothy I. Melbourne, Yong Wei, and Kevin Kwong

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Glacial Earthquakes and Precursory Seismicity Associated With Thwaites Glacier Calving, J. Paul Winberry, Audrey D. Huerta, Sridhar Anandakrishnan, Richhard C. Aster, Andrew A. Nyblade, and Douglas A. Wiens

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Quadrupolar susceptibility and magnetic phase diagram of PrNi2Cd20 with non-Kramers doublet ground state, Tatsuya Yanagisawa, Hiroyuki Hidaka, Hiroshi Amitsuka, Shintaro Nakamura, Satoshi Awaji, Elizabeth L. Green, Sergei Zherlitsyn, Joachim Wosnitza, Duygu Yazici, Benjamin D. White, and M. Brian Maple

Submissions from 2019

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Connectivity and Nitrate Uptake Potential of Intermittent Streams in the Northeast USA, Kelly Addy, Arthur J. Gold, Molly K. Welsh, Peter V. August, Mark H. Stolt, Clay P. Arango, and Peter M. Groffman

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Review of Liberia, South Carolina: An African American Appalachian Community. Coggeshall, John M.. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2018. 296 pp., J. Hope Amason

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Western spruce budworm effects on throughfall N, P, and C fluxes and soil nutrient status in the Pacific Northwest, Clay P. Arango, Alexandra Ponette-González, Izak Neziri, and Jennifer Bailey

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Sums over primitive sets with a fixed number of prime factors, Jonathan Bayless, Paul Kinlaw, and Dominic Klyve

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Celebrating ten years of KRYPTOS: a series of cryptanalysis, Cheryl Beaver and Stuart Boersma

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Ethiopia’s high childhood undernutrition explained: analysis of the prevalence and key correlates based on recent nationally representative data, Tafere Gebreegziabher Belay and Nigatu Regassa

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Iodine supplementation of lactating women and assessment of infant visual information processing and maternal and infant thyroid function: A randomized trial, Tafere Gebreegziabher Belay, Tesfaye Woltamo, David G. Thomas, Tay S. Kennedy, and Barbara J. Stoecker

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One-shot access to isoquinolone and (hetero)izidinone architectures using cyclic α-chloro eneformamides and cyclic anhydrides, Timothy K. Beng, Spencer Langevin, Abdikani Omar Farah, Joshua Goodsell, and Katie Wyatt

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Iridium-catalyzed α-alkynylation of cyclic nonaromatic eneformamides: application to the synthesis of azapolycyclic architectures, Timothy K. Beng and Francine Wanjiku

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Modeling Tropical Diversity in the Undergraduate Classroom: Novel Curriculum to Engage Students in Authentic Scientific Practicesum to Engage Students in Authentic Scientific Practices, Jana Bouwma-Gearhart, Sarah Adumat, Allyson Rogan-Klyve, and Andrew M. Bouwma

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Classification of Stars using Stellar Spectra collected by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Michael Brice and Răzvan Andonie

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Automated Morgan Keenan Classification of Observed Stellar Spectra Collected by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Using a Single Classifier, Michael J. Brice and Răzvan Andonie

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Population Genetic Structure of Vervet Monkeys in South Africa, Willem G. Coetzer, Joseph G. Lorenz, Nelson B. Freimer, and J. Paul Grobler

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Tidal and spatial variability of flow speed and seismicity near the grounding zone of Beardmore Glacier, Antarctica, Jade Cooley, J. Paul Winberry, Michelle Koutnik, and Howard Conway

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Cocoa flavanol effects on markers of oxidative stress and recovery after muscle damage protocol in elite rugby players, Flávia Giolo de Carvalho, Mitchell Garant Fischer, Todd T. Thornley, Karen Roemer, Robert Pritchett, Ellen Cristini de Freitas, and Kelly Pritchett

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Dextral, normal, and sinistral faulting across the eastern California shear zone-Mina deflection transition, California-Nevada, USA, Kevin DeLano, Jeffrey Lee, Rachelle Roper, and Andrew Calvert

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Review—Progress in Understanding Host-Sensitized Excitation Processes in Luminescent Materials, Anthony L. Diaz

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The Correlation of Topographically-Derived Relative Wetness with Terrestrial Mollusk Presence and Abundance, Meaghan Marie Emery-Wetherell, Christine Mathew, Cameron Church, Ellie Dellard, Edward Byrd Davis, and Josh Roering

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Cardiorespiratory Responses to Shallow Water Exercise: A Sex Comparison, Mitchell Grant Fisher, Laura Jean Miller, Jerusalem Tesfaye, Karen Roemer, Debra Mary D'Acquisto, and Leo Joseph D'Acquisto

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Weighted Random Search for Hyperparameter Optimization, Adrian-Cǎtǎlin Florea and Rǎzvan Andonie

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Tools for Prescreening the Most Active Sites on Ir and Rh Clusters toward C−H Bond Cleavage of Ethane: NBO Charges and Wiberg Bond Indexes, Yingbin Ge, Anna Le, Gregory J. Marquino, Phuc Q. Nguyen, Kollin Trujillo, Morgan Schimelfenig, and Ashley Noble

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Interdisciplinary Teaching About Earth and the Environment for a Sustainable Future, David Gosselin, Anne E. Egger, and J. John Taber

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Recrafting Youth Risk Assessment: Developing the Modified Positive Achievement Change Tool for Iowa, Zachary Hamilton, Melissa A. Kowalski, Roger L. Schaefer, and Alex Kigerl

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Human resilience and resettlement among the Islands of Four Mountains, Aleutians, Alaska, Virginia L. Hatfield, Kirsten Nicolaysen, Dixie L. West, Olga A. Krylovich, Kale M. Bruner, Arkady B. Savinetsky, Dmitry D. Vasyukov, Breanyn T. MacInnes, Bulat F. Khasanov, Lyman Persico, and Mitsuru Okuno

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Deep open storage and shallow closed transport system for a continental flood basalt sequence revealed with Magma Chamber Simulator, Jussi S. Heinonen, Arto V. Luttinen, Frank J. Spera, and Wendy A. Bohrson

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A new record of deeper and colder subduction in the Acatlán complex, Mexico: Evidence from phase equilibrium modelling and Zr-in-rutile thermometry, David Hernández-Uribe, Fabián Gutiérrez-Aguilar, Chris G. Mattinson, Richard M. Palin, and Owen K. Neill

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Tidal inundation modeling within GIS, Robert Hickey

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Tolbaga revisited: Scrutinizing occupation duration and its relationship with the faunal landscape during MIS 3 and MIS 2, Masami Izuho, Karisa Terry, Sergei Vasil'ev, Mikhail Konstantinov, and Keiichi Takahashi

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The pseudogap regime in the unitary Fermi gas, Scott Jensen, Christopher N. Gilbreth, and Yoram Alhassid

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Precipitation chemistry and deposition at a high-elevation site in the Pacific Northwest United States (1989–2015), Anne M. Johansen, Clint Duncan, Ashleen Reddy, Naomi Swain, Mari Sorey, Annika Nieber, James Agren, Matt Lenington, David Bolstad, Barbara Samora, and Rebecca Lofgren

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Nucleoid-mediated positioning and transport in bacteria, Jessica R. Kisner and Nathan J. Kuwada

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Interpretable Knowledge Discovery Reinforced by Visual Methods, Boris Kovalerchuk

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Parameterized approximation algorithms for some location problems in graphs, Arne Leitert and Feodor F. Dragan

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Perspective on identifying and characterizing the processes controlling iron speciation and residence time at the atmosphere-ocean interface, Nicholas Meskhidze, Christopher Völker, Hind A. Al-Abadleh, Katherine Barbeau, Matthieu Bressac, Clifton Buck, Randelle M. Bundy, Peter Croot, Yan Feng, Akinori Ito, Anne M. Johansen, William M. Landing, Lingqiu Mao, Stelios Myriokefalitakis, Benoît Pasquier, and Ying Be

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Homicide and Indigenous peoples in North America: A structural analysis, Lisa Monchalin, Olga Marques, Charles E. Reasons, and Prince Arora