Recrafting Youth Risk Assessment: Developing the Modified Positive Achievement Change Tool for Iowa
Department or Administrative Unit
Law and Justice
Risk assessments have become prevalent in the juvenile justice field. Many of these tools are adopted off-the-shelf and not adapted to fit the characteristics of a jurisdiction’s justice-involved youth. We examined the Positive Achievement Change Tool (PACT) in Iowa. Although used widely, the PACT is relatively unmodified. We updated the tool via item selection and weighting, gender-specific models and multiple outcomes, developing the Modified Positive Achievement Change Tool (M-PACT) for Iowa. We identified an average predictive accuracy increase of 7%. Evidence of reduced racial disparity was also observed, and research implications outline the need to customize assessments to improve predictive accuracy.
Hamilton, Z., Kowalski, M. A., Schaefer, R., & Kigerl, A. (2019). Recrafting Youth Risk Assessment: Developing the Modified Positive Achievement Change Tool for Iowa. Deviant Behavior, 41(10), 1268–1289. https://doi.org/10.1080/01639625.2019.1609302