Document Type


Date of Degree Completion

Summer 1970

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



Committee Chair

Joseph E. Rich

Second Committee Member

Theodor F. Naumann

Third Committee Member

James P. Levell


The purpose of this investigation was to determine if the PALS Tests (Williams, 1958, 1961, 1964) would significantly differentiate between low achieving and hie;h achieving 5th-grade students. The basic design was the same basic design as used by Williams (1961), except that high achieving and low achieving students were used instead of acting-out and normal children. It was intended that this research supplement existing data concerning validity of the PALS Tests. The test author (Williams 1958, 1961, 1964) seems to be the only person who has conducted research regarding the PALS.


Bound in material "Pen Pals" by Walter C. Williams, Psychiatric Clinic for Children, Department of Psychiatry, University of Washington not included in this scan.