Document Type


Date of Degree Completion

Spring 2024

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



Committee Chair

Dr. David Gee

Second Committee Member

Katy Williams

Third Committee Member

Dr. Nicole Stendell-Hollis


The purpose of this study is to examine the association between glycemic control in adults with diabetes and the use of nutrition information (NI). A cross-sectional design evaluated adults with diabetes from the 2009-2010 and 2017-2020 NHANES databases. Use of NI was quantified based on the subject’s use of the Nutrition Facts Label, use of calorie information at restaurants, and use of either the USDA Food Guide Pyramid or My Plate. Glycemic control was established if the subject’s hemoglobin A1C concentration was 7.0% or lower. SAS Software (v. 9.4) was used for all statistical analysis. Differences between prevalences were established using chi-square analysis. Odds-ratios for good glycemic control and the extent of use of NI and other relevant covariables were established using simple and multi-variable logistic regression analysis. Statistically significant differences were established if p-values were were