Hypertension Prevalence Trends Among Mexican-Americans: NHANES 1999-2016

Sandra Valencia


Hypertension is a grave health issue affecting millions of adults in the United States (US). Uncontrolled hypertension can lead to cardiovascular disease, including stroke, heart attack, and heart failure. Current National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2015-2016 data reports that 29% of US adults above the age of 18 have hypertension. The objective of this project was to determine current and past hypertension prevalence trends among Mexican Americans (MAs) and non-Hispanic whites (NH-Whites) using NHANES data from 1999 to 2016, as well as the current American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) blood pressure guidelines of 2017. This project included 28,000 NHANES adult participants above the age of 20. Results showed the age-adjusted hypertension prevalence trend increased significantly among MAs, but not for NH-Whites despite increase in hypertension risk factors over time in both ethnic groups.