Document Type

Graduate Project

Date of Degree Completion

Summer 2000

Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)



Committee Chair

Nancy E. Jurenka

Second Committee Member

Carol L. Butterfield

Third Committee Member

Virginia (Ginni) Erion


This project reviews the literature on basal reading programs, the whole language approach, and phonics instruction. The related research was used to identify the need for a more balanced approach to elementary reading instruction. Holistic strategies, based on the whole language philosophy, were explained. These strategies were applied to a first grade phonics-based basal reading program. Lessons and activities were developed to integrate holistic strategies with the phonics-based basal reading program. Implications for further research and teacher training were discussed.