Document Type

Graduate Project

Date of Degree Completion


Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)



Committee Chair

Lee Plourde

Second Committee Member

S. Schmitz

Third Committee Member

L. Fitch


The high population of English Language Learners (ELL) in the United States has impacted the educational system. Accountability for meeting high stakes tests and state standards has been a constant pressure for many schools that have a high concentration of ELL. School districts have adopted different programs to meet the needs of ELL. These programs focus on making academic content more relevant and comprehensible so students can meet state standards. One of the programs that has proven to be successful in meeting ELL needs is dual language. However, a challenge for many dual language programs that target English and Spanish is the lack of Spanish resources. This project's purpose is to reduce the impact that the lack of Spanish resources has on a dual language program. Ten Spanish science lessons on frogs will be developed to ameliorate the lack of Spanish resources and to help kindergarten teachers better serve their students. Research will be conducted to better understand the aims of this project.


Redacted pages from this Master of Education project’s PDF are available for review through the library Archives Department.