Title

Faunal Analysis of the Umtanum Creek Site

Presenter Information

Alfred Keller

Document Type

Oral Presentation

Location

SURC Ballroom A

Start Date

17-5-2012

End Date

17-5-2012

Abstract

Abstract The Umptanum Creek site was excavated multiple times in the 1960s and 1990s, but the fauna was never analyzed. Our project involved analyzing a sample of fauna recovered from the 1969 William Smith excavation at the site. For this project, we selected 151 bags of faunal remains, containing 865 faunal specimens. This sample consists of all faunal remains found in unit N37, quadrants 5 through 16. In this analysis each specimen was examined for the following characteristics: side, element, portion, class, taxon and indentifying landmarks and the kind of breakage, burning, degree of root-etching, weathering, length, modification. This analysis showed that the majority of the specimens in this collection derive from mammals that fall into size classes 4, 5, and 6 (dog to deer-size), and that the majority of the identifiable specimens come from deer (Odocoileus sp.). There were also a few fragments of cattle or bison, sheep, pocket gopher, and other unidentified rodents and bird. A significant proportion of the remains were burned (42%) and broken to a high degree. Some of the remains are clearly historic in age (cattle and saw-cut bones). The results of this sample analysis project clearly indicate that the subsequent analysis of the complete collection will have excellent potential to yield results that will tell us about the lifeways of the people that once lived along the Yakima River.

Poster Number

34

Faculty Mentor(s)

Patrick Lubinski

Additional Mentoring Department

Anthropology

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS
 
May 17th, 8:30 AM May 17th, 11:00 AM

Faunal Analysis of the Umtanum Creek Site

SURC Ballroom A

Abstract The Umptanum Creek site was excavated multiple times in the 1960s and 1990s, but the fauna was never analyzed. Our project involved analyzing a sample of fauna recovered from the 1969 William Smith excavation at the site. For this project, we selected 151 bags of faunal remains, containing 865 faunal specimens. This sample consists of all faunal remains found in unit N37, quadrants 5 through 16. In this analysis each specimen was examined for the following characteristics: side, element, portion, class, taxon and indentifying landmarks and the kind of breakage, burning, degree of root-etching, weathering, length, modification. This analysis showed that the majority of the specimens in this collection derive from mammals that fall into size classes 4, 5, and 6 (dog to deer-size), and that the majority of the identifiable specimens come from deer (Odocoileus sp.). There were also a few fragments of cattle or bison, sheep, pocket gopher, and other unidentified rodents and bird. A significant proportion of the remains were burned (42%) and broken to a high degree. Some of the remains are clearly historic in age (cattle and saw-cut bones). The results of this sample analysis project clearly indicate that the subsequent analysis of the complete collection will have excellent potential to yield results that will tell us about the lifeways of the people that once lived along the Yakima River.