#### Title

An Estimation of the Proportion of Abundant Numbers

#### Document Type

Oral Presentation

#### Location

SURC 202

#### Start Date

16-5-2013

#### End Date

16-5-2013

#### Abstract

For 2,500 years mathematicians have studied the “Sum of Divisors” function σ(n). To give an example, σ(12) = 28 because the divisors of 12 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12, and the sum of the divisors of 12 is given by 1+2+3+4+6+12 = 28. Now depending on the value of σ(n) – n we classify these numbers as either deficient, perfect or abundant. Perfect numbers are numbers for which σ(n) – n = n, deficient numbers are numbers for which σ(n) – n < n and abundant numbers are numbers for which σ(n) – n > n. The question I am asking is: what is the proportion of abundant numbers? The best current bounds for this proportion are .2476171 and .2476475. I have written code in Java and used it to generate data to try to improve this estimation using statistics. This presentation will cover what an abundant number is, how I generated my data, how I used statistics to try to close the gap for the estimation of the proportion of abundant numbers, and what the result were.

#### Recommended Citation

Pidde, Melissa, "An Estimation of the Proportion of Abundant Numbers " (2013). *Symposium Of University Research and Creative Expression (SOURCE)*. 87.

http://digitalcommons.cwu.edu/source/2013/oralpresentations/87

#### Additional Mentoring Department

Mathematics

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An Estimation of the Proportion of Abundant Numbers

SURC 202

For 2,500 years mathematicians have studied the “Sum of Divisors” function σ(n). To give an example, σ(12) = 28 because the divisors of 12 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12, and the sum of the divisors of 12 is given by 1+2+3+4+6+12 = 28. Now depending on the value of σ(n) – n we classify these numbers as either deficient, perfect or abundant. Perfect numbers are numbers for which σ(n) – n = n, deficient numbers are numbers for which σ(n) – n < n and abundant numbers are numbers for which σ(n) – n > n. The question I am asking is: what is the proportion of abundant numbers? The best current bounds for this proportion are .2476171 and .2476475. I have written code in Java and used it to generate data to try to improve this estimation using statistics. This presentation will cover what an abundant number is, how I generated my data, how I used statistics to try to close the gap for the estimation of the proportion of abundant numbers, and what the result were.

## Faculty Mentor(s)

Dominic Klyve