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Nutrition Exercise and Health Sciences

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Iodine deficiency during pregnancy and lactation could expose the infant to severe iodine deficiency disorders. A randomized supplementation trial among rural lactating women was conducted in Sidama zone, southern Ethiopia, to compare the methods of iodine delivery on breast milk iodine, and on maternal and infant urinary iodine concentrations. Women were randomly assigned either to receive 225 μg iodine as potassium iodide capsule daily for 6 months or 450 g of appropriately iodized salt (30–40 μg I as KIO3/g of salt) weekly for household consumption for 6 months. Breast milk iodine concentration (BMIC) and maternal and infant urinary iodine concentration (UIC) were measured at baseline and at 6 months. The women did not differ in BMIC and UIC, and infants did not differ in UIC in a time by treatment interaction. Median (IQR, interquartile range, IQR) BMIC at baseline was 154 [43, 252] μg/L and at 6 months was 105 [36, 198] μg/L, maternal UIC at baseline was 107 [71, 161] μg/L and at 6 months was 130 [80, 208] μg/L; infant UIC at baseline was 218 [108, 356] μg/L and at 6 months was 222 [117, 369] μg/L. Significant correlations among the three variables were obtained in both groups at both times. We conclude that for lactating women an adequate amount of appropriately iodized salt (30–40 μg I/g) had similar effects as a daily supplement of 225 μg I on BMIC and on maternal and infant UIC.


This article was originally published Open Access in Food Science & Nutrition. The full-text article from the publisher can be found here.


Food Science & Nutrition

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


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