The Effects of Status Cues on Choices of Social Power and Influence Strategies
Department or Administrative Unit
Social influence and social power were examined in two studies. In Study 1, samples of U.S. students who had been presented with randomly ordered lists of 13 influence tactics and power bases predicted the likelihood that an influence agent would use the tactics or power bases, for seven status-differentiated, hypothetical relationships. Lower status agents were perceived to use influence tactics, and higher status agents were perceived to use power bases. In Study 2, female students were assigned either a supervisory role or a subordinate role. The participants in the supervisory and subordinate roles identified power bases or influence tactics that had been rated by the participants in Study 1 as commonly used by higher or lower status influence agents, respectively. The results of the present study seem to support the notion that social influence and social power are separate strategies.
Stahelski, A. J., & Paynton, C. F. (1995). The Effects of Status Cues on Choices of Social Power and Influence Strategies. The Journal of Social Psychology, 135(5), 553–560. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224545.1995.9712228
The Journal of Social Psychology