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In higher forms of life, we usually concede the presence of an organ specialized for the performance of a function. In these higher forms coordination of organs, which entails a regular sequence in their functions, is readily made out; and it seems a mere platitude to say, of these, that organization determines the functions of the organism. To what extent can functions exist in the absence of organization; does the one precede the other; or have function and organization developed simultaneously, out of matter devoid of both structure and function? In my studies on the cell, I have kept these problems in mind; and it is my purpose here to present some observations bearing on these questions.
Munson, J. P. (1910). Organization and Polarity of Protoplasm. Proceedings of the Eighth International Zoological Congress, Graz, 8, 369-388.
Proceedings of the Eighth International Zoological Congress, Graz