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Biological Sciences

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In higher forms of life, we usually concede the presence of an organ specialized for the performance of a function. In these higher forms coordination of organs, which entails a regular sequence in their functions, is readily made out; and it seems a mere platitude to say, of these, that organization determines the functions of the organism. To what extent can functions exist in the absence of organization; does the one precede the other; or have function and organization developed simultaneously, out of matter devoid of both structure and function? In my studies on the cell, I have kept these problems in mind; and it is my purpose here to present some observations bearing on these questions.


This article was originally published in Proceedings of the Eighth International Zoological Congress, Graz. The full-text article can be found here.


Proceedings of the Eighth International Zoological Congress, Graz