An Examination of the In-Group Hypothesis in Facial Expression Inferences Using American and Indian Samples
Date of Degree Completion
Master of Science (MS)
Second Committee Member
Third Committee Member
The relationship between culture and evaluations of facial expressions were assessed using American and Indian participants. Based on Ekman (1972) and others’ (cf. Elfenbein & Ambady, 2002) research that supports general cross-cultural agreement of facial expression evaluation, it was hypothesized that participants will be able to accurately evaluate a smiling face as happy and a scowling face as angry and that American participants would be more accurate overall due to the In-Group Hypothesis (Elfenbein & Ambady, 2002). Results showed that both cultures were able to accurately assess both facial expressions, although American participants had stronger evaluations across personality traits.
Lehrman, Scott, "An Examination of the In-Group Hypothesis in Facial Expression Inferences Using American and Indian Samples" (2018). All Master's Theses. 1054.
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