Document Type


Date of Degree Completion

Winter 2019

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Applied Behavior Analysis

Committee Chair

Richard Marsicano

Second Committee Member

Marte Fallshore

Third Committee Member

Danielle Polage


Say All Fast Minute Each Day (SAFMEDS) is a flashcard procedure that is effective in producing fluency, but not necessarily generalization, of a content area. One possibility for the lack of generalization is the direction of the SAFMEDS training. Most learners are presented with a definition (the longer side) and have to say the term (the shorter side). Elements of single-case and between-groups designs were used to examine the effects of reversing the direction of training on acquisition and fluency of SAFMEDS content, as well as generalization. Within this study, the control group was presented with a book or paper title (the longer side) and had to learn the last name of the corresponding author (shorter side). The experimental group was presented with the author side and had to learn the book or paper title. A posttest was conducted to examine which direction of the SAFMEDS training resulted in greater generalization of the content. The basic findings of this study suggest that learning SAFMEDS in the reverse learning channel, “see-author, say-title” may result in an increase in correct responding and generalization compared to the “see-title, say-author” learning channel. The results of this study suggest that individuals who learn SAFMEDS in the “see-definition, say-term” format may have a harder time generalizing the content they learned to future applications. Keywords: SAFMEDS, generalization, fluency