Document Type


Date of Degree Completion

Fall 2020

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Law and Justice

Committee Chair

Cody Stoddard

Second Committee Member

Michael Harrod

Third Committee Member

Jillian Desmond


The current study examined students’ willingness to contact campus police at Central Washington University. The dataset used to conduct the research study was the Fall 2019 survey collected by the LAJ department. Using Tyler's procedural justice model as a theoretical base, the current study examines students' willingness to contact the police based on key factors. The five demographic variables used were race/ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, residency, and class standings. In addition to the demographic variables, three police attitude variables (general, demeanor, and effectiveness) were analyzed, but due to multicollinearity between these variables, the general attitudes variable was the only one used in the final analysis. The study used four dependent variables, including general matters, personal matters, criminal matters, and safety concerns as the criterion for contacting the police. The results of the study found three significant factors are associated with students' willingness to contact campus police: race, sexual orientation, and general attitudes. Race was significant in contacting campus police regarding general matters and criminal matters, sexual orientation was significant in general matters and personal matters, and general attitudes were significant in all contact types.

Available for download on Sunday, January 18, 2026