Document Type


Date of Degree Completion

Summer 1970

Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)



Committee Chair

Thomas W. Walterman

Second Committee Member

Floyd Rodine

Third Committee Member

Arley L. Vancil


During the decades of the 1820's and 1830's, educators in this country studied the European schools where the principles of Johann H. Pestalozzi (1746-1827), Friedrick Froebel (1782-1852), and Emanuel Fellenberg (1771-1844) had been put into practice with favorable results. The Prussian normal schools established by Frederick the Great were some of the best in the world. American educators came back with glowing reports of the progress Europeans were making in this direction. By 1838, due to the efforts of James Carter (1795-1849) and Horace Mann (179 6-1859), and because of the generosity of a Boston merchant, the Massachusetts legislature was moved to fund a normal school project for a three-year period. The following year, on July 3, in the town of Lexington, the first state normal school in the United States was opened.