Document Type


Date of Degree Completion

Summer 1973

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



Committee Chair

Raymond A. Smith

Second Committee Member

Zoltan Kramar

Third Committee Member

Gordon H. Warren


Many of the important questions whose resolution shaped twentieth century Canadian-American relations developed out of real or imagined conflicts of interest in the Pacific region during the latter part of the ninteenth century. The United States had no diplomatic representation in Canada, but consuls in British Columbia and the Yukon kept the Department of State well informed of developments which affected American interests. With emphasis on the period between 1880 and 1906, this paper describes the roles played by the consuls in the definition of problems that arose from disputes over boundaries, resource use, smuggling and extradition.