Date of Degree Completion
Master of Science (MS)
Cultural and Environmental Resource Management
Second Committee Member
Third Committee Member
For decades, the annual subsistence round in the Mid-Columbia Plateau has been examined archaeologically through surface lithic scatters using bivariate approaches. We know from the ethnographic record that the annual round is a complicated process where multiple resources may be extracted simultaneously, yet there are no studies examining the archaeological record on a scale that allows investigation of this complexity. This research used GIS to model landforms and the locations of plant, animal, and mineral resources to assign a resource potential score across the landscape. The relationship between resource potential score and the archaeological record in the East Saddle Mountains was then quantified and analyzed. Diversity among the archaeological record was examined with a Paradigmatic Classification system based on artifact type. Results revealed a non-random relationship between the potential resources and the archaeological record that indicated intensive use of toolstone resources, and extensive land use across plant and hunting resources.
Galloway, Mars, "Investigating the Archaeological Record Using a High-Resolution GIS Land Use Model in the East Saddle Mountains, Grant County, Washington." (2022). All Master's Theses. 1732.
Available for download on Friday, March 31, 2023