Document Type


Date of Degree Completion

Fall 2017

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Mental Health Counseling

Committee Chair

Susan Lonborg

Second Committee Member

Sara Bender

Third Committee Member

Meaghan Nolte

Fourth Committee Member

Fred Washburn


Correlations between intimate partner violence and specific social influences such as religiosity, propensity towards forgiveness, and gender role identity were examined. A sample of 105 students enrolled at Central Washington University submitted responses based on their perceptions of gender roles, religiosity, forgiveness, and experience with partner violence. Although previous studies examined exposure to intimate partner violence, substance use in relation to perpetrating partner violence, and attitudes about perpetrating intimate partner violence (IPV), research to date has failed to examine IPV as it relates to gender roles, religion, and forgiveness. In an attempt to fill this gap, the current study examined participants’ gender role identity, religiosity, forgiveness, and experience with Intimate Partner Violence. Because the findings of this study indicated that femininity and IPV were positively correlated and that females were more likely to experience intimate partner violence, there are important implications for counseling. First, when working with clients, counselors should carefully assess gender roles and history of IPV experience. Second, prevention programs might also be strengthened by conversations about the relationships between gender, gender role, and IPV.