Document Type


Department or Administrative Unit


Publication Date

Fall 2013


This article discusses the multiple, competing discourses surrounding the relocation of the Yakima Indian Agency during the 1920s-1930s. Specifically, it considers whether Yakama Indians were able to exercise agency in their fight against government officials and businessmen during the relocation debate, and how they did so by appropriating the discourse of the women's clubs in the Pacific Northwest. As an entry point to these discourses, the article uses the work of a particular women, Margaret Splawn, who stood at the nexus between business, women's club, and indigenous interests in her West.


The image on page 179 is incorrectly identified as Margaret Splawn, circa 1888. The image actually shows a classmate of Splawn's--Leah Jeffers Baker.

This article was originally published in The Pacific Northwest Quarterly. The full-text article from the publisher can be found here.


Pacific Northwest Quarterly


© 2013 University of Washington