Document Type

Graduate Project

Date of Degree Completion

Summer 2018

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Nutrition

Committee Chair

David Gee

Second Committee Member

Nicole Stendell-Hollis

Third Committee Member

Dominic Klyve

Abstract

Hypertension is a grave health issue affecting millions of adults in the United States (US). Uncontrolled hypertension can lead to cardiovascular disease, including stroke, heart attack, and heart failure. Current National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2015-2016 data reports that 29% of US adults above the age of 18 have hypertension. The objective of this project was to determine current and past hypertension prevalence trends among Mexican Americans (MAs) and non-Hispanic whites (NH-Whites) using NHANES data from 1999 to 2016, as well as the current American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) blood pressure guidelines of 2017. This project included 28,000 NHANES adult participants above the age of 20. Results showed the age-adjusted hypertension prevalence trend increased significantly among MAs, but not for NH-Whites despite increase in hypertension risk factors over time in both ethnic groups.

Available for download on Friday, August 21, 2020

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