Document Type

Graduate Project

Date of Degree Completion

Summer 2000

Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)



Committee Chair

Susan M. Madley

Second Committee Member

Jack L. McPherson

Third Committee Member

Alberta J. Thyfault


A disproportional high number of African Ametican students are referred by regular education teachers for placement in special education programs and services. Recent implications of state wide uniformed student testing has intensified special education placement trends. The purpose of this project was to develop an alternative third grade special education pre-referral intelligence assessment tool, which would be used to provide alternative placement other than special education programs and services.