Document Type

Graduate Project

Date of Degree Completion


Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)



Committee Chair

Craig Hughes

Second Committee Member

T. McCain

Third Committee Member

D. Woodcock


The purpose of this project was to create an elementary teacher's manual which explained the history and laws of bilingual education, first and second language development theories and approaches, bilingual education models and what research says about the various models. Proponents of English only/ Sheltered Instruction programs argue that immigrants and their descendents should assimilate to the customs and cultural norms of the United States as expeditiously as possible. Those same proponents believe that acquiring English is a prerequisite for success in education. Without a doubt English language proficiency can lead to immeasurable success. In this manual Two-Way Dual Language Immersion, ESL pull-out/push-in, Content Based ESL, English immersion, and Early and Late Exit Bilingual programs were analyzed along with the research for each model. The intent was to identify which of these programs best close the achievement gap for English language learners as is mandated under the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 so that educators and administrator can make pedagogically sound policy decisions. Research supporting the positive effects of bilingual education is promising.