Document Type


Department or Administrative Unit

Center for Teaching and Learning

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This qualitative study was conducted in 2006-2007 and found that teachers relied on a variety of readily available media to stay informed about the Middle East and used some of them in their teaching. Teachers tried to explain to their students that every Middle Eastern Muslim is not a terrorist and Iraq was not behind the 9/11 terrorist attacks. The guiding questions were: (1) What are the sources of news that teachers use to teach about the Middle East? (2) How do teachers use the media to teach about the Middle East in the post 9/11 schools? Semi-structured interviews were used to gather data and teachers’ instructional plans were examined. The Uses and Gratification theory provided the conceptual framework and data were analyzed using the grounded theory.


This article was originally published open access in International Journal of Progressive Education. The full-text article from the publisher can be found here.


International Journal of Progressive Education

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


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