Strategies for Efficient, Meaningful, and Inclusive Online Learning Environments: It's About Time

Document Type

Book Chapter

Department or Administrative Unit

Educational Foundations and Curriculum

Publication Date



Students and faculty rely on clear and unambiguous time targets to exchange information and pace their intersecting lives. Most students juggle work, family, and commuting demands, and increasing numbers also struggle with language needs and disabilities, requiring additional and flexible time to grasp the scope of assignments, read and gather information, process concepts into written products, and finally make sense of the experience. It all takes time. In this chapter, practical strategies for structuring time expectations are introduced in the context of a commitment to empower self-regulation and lifelong learning with particular attention to accessibility. The time dimension of each component of the syllabus, assignments, and gradebook are described with examples from a successful online course, with reference to theory and research on student engagement and satisfaction.


This article was originally published in Handbook of Research on Creating Meaningful Experiences in Online Courses. The full-text article from the publisher can be found here.

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