Lower extremity kinematics during running and hip abductor strength in iliotibial band syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Document Type


Department or Administrative Unit

Nutrition Exercise and Health Sciences

Publication Date




Iliotibial band syndrome is a common overuse injury that is twice as likely to affect female runners compared to male runners. It is unclear if there is a consistent running pattern and strength profile exhibited by female and male runners with iliotibial band syndrome.

Research question

The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine if any differences existed in lower-extremity kinematics and hip strength between runners who retrospectively, currently, or prospectively had iliotibial band syndrome.


Papers included must have reported three-dimensional kinematic running data and/or hip strength data that were statistically analyzed between runners that never developed iliotibial band syndrome and runners with iliotibial band syndrome. Meta-analysis was performed for each kinematic or strength variable reported in at least three studies. Female and male runners were analyzed separately and grouped into three cohorts (retrospective, current, prospective).


Seventeen articles were included in this systematic review. Data from 10 cross-sectional studies were included for meta-analysis. Female runners with current iliotibial band syndrome exhibited smaller peak hip internal rotation angles and lower isometric hip abductor strength compared to controls.


Although limited biomechanical evidence exists, risk factors for ITBS are different between female and male runners and may vary according to injury status. Specifically, transverse plane hip motion and hip abductor strength weakness may be biomechanical risk factors in female runners with current iliotibial band syndrome only.


This article was originally published in Gait & Posture. The full-text article from the publisher can be found here.

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Gait & Posture


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