Document Type

Graduate Project

Date of Degree Completion

Summer 2008

Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)



Committee Chair

Lee A. Plourde

Second Committee Member

Lanny Fitch

Third Committee Member

Don B. Woodcock


This study introduces research that shows the most effective teaching models and strategies for language acquisition for students whose primary language is not English in the United States; although most of the research and suggestions presented are also effective for teaching all students, regardless of the student's language level. First, a short background of the history of bilingual education is reviewed. Then, the language domains and various stages oflanguage acquisition are explained. Later, an overview of the research of the most effective teaching models and strategies are provided to inform preschool through 12th grade classroom teachers, Para educators (teaching assistants), tutors, and administrators on the most effective literacy instruction based on students' need. Lastly, a professional development presentation is provided to highlight the main points of the research as an introduction for educators and administrators. Included in this presentation are recommended literature, specific teaching strategies, discussion questions, and resources for educators. The project summarizes the research to offer teacher training and support for those working with students still acquiring the English language. This will allow educators to learn the most effective, research-based instructional practices that will further develop their ability to teach English Language Learners (ELL's) by differentiating instruction which will increase students' literacy and language development.