This collection showcases scholarly and creative work by faculty members of the College of the Sciences at Central Washington University.

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Submissions from 2020

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Quadrupolar susceptibility and magnetic phase diagram of PrNi2Cd20 with non-Kramers doublet ground state, Tatsuya Yanagisawa, Hiroyuki Hidaka, Hiroshi Amitsuka, Shintaro Nakamura, Satoshi Awaji, Elizabeth L. Green, Sergei Zherlitsyn, Joachim Wosnitza, Duygu Yazici, Benjamin D. White, and M. Brian Maple

Submissions from 2019

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Connectivity and Nitrate Uptake Potential of Intermittent Streams in the Northeast USA, Kelly Addy, Arthur J. Gold, Molly K. Welsh, Peter V. August, Mark H. Stolt, Clay P. Arango, and Peter M. Groffman

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Phase Transitions in a Symmetry-Conserving Framework, Yoram Alhassid, G. F. Bertsch, Christopher N. Gilbreth, and Mika T. Mustonen

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Review of Liberia, South Carolina: An African American Appalachian Community. Coggeshall, John M.. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2018. 296 pp., J. Hope Amason

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Western spruce budworm effects on throughfall N, P, and C fluxes and soil nutrient status in the Pacific Northwest, Clay P. Arango, Alexandra Ponette-González, Izak Neziri, and Jennifer Bailey

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Sums over primitive sets with a fixed number of prime factors, Jonathan Bayless, Paul Kinlaw, and Dominic Klyve

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Celebrating ten years of KRYPTOS: a series of cryptanalysis, Cheryl Beaver and Stuart Boersma

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Ethiopia’s high childhood undernutrition explained: analysis of the prevalence and key correlates based on recent nationally representative data, Tafere Gebreegziabher Belay and Nigatu Regassa

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Iodine supplementation of lactating women and assessment of infant visual information processing and maternal and infant thyroid function: A randomized trial, Tafere Gebreegziabher Belay, Tesfaye Woltamo, David G. Thomas, Tay S. Kennedy, and Barbara J. Stoecker

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One-shot access to isoquinolone and (hetero)izidinone architectures using cyclic α-chloro eneformamides and cyclic anhydrides, Timothy K. Beng, Spencer Langevin, Abdikani Omar Farah, Joshua Goodsell, and Katie Wyatt

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Iridium-catalyzed α-alkynylation of cyclic nonaromatic eneformamides: application to the synthesis of azapolycyclic architectures, Timothy K. Beng and Francine Wanjiku

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Modeling Tropical Diversity in the Undergraduate Classroom: Novel Curriculum to Engage Students in Authentic Scientific Practicesum to Engage Students in Authentic Scientific Practices, Jana Bouwma-Gearhart, Sarah Adumat, Allyson Rogan-Klyve, and Andrew M. Bouwma

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Classification of Stars using Stellar Spectra collected by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Michael Brice and Răzvan Andonie

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Automated Morgan Keenan Classification of Observed Stellar Spectra Collected by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Using a Single Classifier, Michael J. Brice and Răzvan Andonie

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Predicting with your head, not your heart: Forecasting errors and the impact of anticipated versus experienced elements of regret on well-being, Tonya Buchanan, Joshua Buchanan, and Kylie R. Kadey

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Population Genetic Structure of Vervet Monkeys in South Africa, Willem G. Coetzer, Joseph G. Lorenz, Nelson B. Freimer, and J. Paul Grobler

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Tidal and spatial variability of flow speed and seismicity near the grounding zone of Beardmore Glacier, Antarctica, Jade Cooley, J. Paul Winberry, Michelle Koutnik, and Howard Conway

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Cocoa flavanol effects on markers of oxidative stress and recovery after muscle damage protocol in elite rugby players, Flávia Giolo de Carvalho, Mitchell Garant Fischer, Todd T. Thornley, Karen Roemer, Robert Pritchett, Ellen Cristini de Freitas, and Kelly Pritchett

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Dextral, normal, and sinistral faulting across the eastern California shear zone-Mina deflection transition, California-Nevada, USA, Kevin DeLano, Jeffrey Lee, Rachelle Roper, and Andrew Calvert

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Review—Progress in Understanding Host-Sensitized Excitation Processes in Luminescent Materials, Anthony L. Diaz

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The Role of Introductory Geoscience Courses in Preparing Teachers—And All Students—For the Future: Are We Making the Grade?, Anne E. Egger

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The Correlation of Topographically-Derived Relative Wetness with Terrestrial Mollusk Presence and Abundance, Meaghan Marie Emery-Wetherell, Christine Mathew, Cameron Church, Ellie Dellard, Edward Byrd Davis, and Josh Roering

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Cardiorespiratory Responses to Shallow Water Exercise: A Sex Comparison, Mitchell Grant Fisher, Laura Jean Miller, Jerusalem Tesfaye, Karen Roemer, Debra Mary D'Acquisto, and Leo Joseph D'Acquisto

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Weighted Random Search for Hyperparameter Optimization, Adrian-Cǎtǎlin Florea and Rǎzvan Andonie

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An Overlooked Campaign Pioneer? Thomas Dewey and Television in the 1950 New York Governor’s Race, Robert C. Fordan and Todd Schaefer

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An Animal’s Environment Influences Perceptions of Docility and Vigor But Not Aesthetic Appeal: A Constructive Replication, Kara I. Gabriel and Carolina Montenegro

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Tools for Prescreening the Most Active Sites on Ir and Rh Clusters toward C−H Bond Cleavage of Ethane: NBO Charges and Wiberg Bond Indexes, Yingbin Ge, Anna Le, Gregory J. Marquino, Phuc Q. Nguyen, Kollin Trujillo, Morgan Schimelfenig, and Ashley Noble

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Interdisciplinary Teaching About Earth and the Environment for a Sustainable Future, David Gosselin, Anne E. Egger, and J. John Taber

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Recrafting Youth Risk Assessment: Developing the Modified Positive Achievement Change Tool for Iowa, Zachary Hamilton, Melissa A. Kowalski, Roger L. Schaefer, and Alex Kigerl

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Human resilience and resettlement among the Islands of Four Mountains, Aleutians, Alaska, Virginia L. Hatfield, Kirsten Nicolaysen, Dixie L. West, Olga A. Krylovich, Kale M. Bruner, Arkady B. Savinetsky, Dmitry D. Vasyukov, Breanyn T. MacInnes, Bulat F. Khasanov, Lyman Persico, and Mitsuru Okuno

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Deep open storage and shallow closed transport system for a continental flood basalt sequence revealed with Magma Chamber Simulator, Jussi S. Heinonen, Arto V. Luttinen, Frank J. Spera, and Wendy A. Bohrson

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A new record of deeper and colder subduction in the Acatlán complex, Mexico: Evidence from phase equilibrium modelling and Zr-in-rutile thermometry, David Hernández-Uribe, Fabián Gutiérrez-Aguilar, Chris G. Mattinson, Richard M. Palin, and Owen K. Neill

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Tidal inundation modeling within GIS, Robert Hickey

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Tolbaga revisited: Scrutinizing occupation duration and its relationship with the faunal landscape during MIS 3 and MIS 2, Masami Izuho, Karisa Terry, Sergei Vasil'ev, Mikhail Konstantinov, and Keiichi Takahashi

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The pseudogap regime in the unitary Fermi gas, Scott Jensen, Christopher N. Gilbreth, and Yoram Alhassid

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Precipitation chemistry and deposition at a high-elevation site in the Pacific Northwest United States (1989–2015), Anne M. Johansen, Clint Duncan, Ashleen Reddy, Naomi Swain, Mari Sorey, Annika Nieber, James Agren, Matt Lenington, David Bolstad, Barbara Samora, and Rebecca Lofgren

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Nucleoid-mediated positioning and transport in bacteria, Jessica R. Kisner and Nathan J. Kuwada

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Interpretable Knowledge Discovery Reinforced by Visual Methods, Boris Kovalerchuk

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Parameterized approximation algorithms for some location problems in graphs, Arne Leitert and Feodor F. Dragan

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Seismic Sensors in Orbit, Timothy I. Melbourne, Diego Melgar, Brendan W. Crowell, and Walter Szeliga

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Perspective on identifying and characterizing the processes controlling iron speciation and residence time at the atmosphere-ocean interface, Nicholas Meskhidze, Christopher Völker, Hind A. Al-Abadleh, Katherine Barbeau, Matthieu Bressac, Clifton Buck, Randelle M. Bundy, Peter Croot, Yan Feng, Akinori Ito, Anne M. Johansen, William M. Landing, Lingqiu Mao, Stelios Myriokefalitakis, Benoît Pasquier, and Ying Be

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Homicide and Indigenous peoples in North America: A structural analysis, Lisa Monchalin, Olga Marques, Charles E. Reasons, and Prince Arora

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Regional Global Navigation Satellite System Networks for Crustal Deformation Monitoring, Jessica R. Murray, Noel Bartlow, Yehuda Bock, Benjamin A. Brooks, James Foster, Jeffrey Freymueller, William C. Hammond, Kathleen Hodgkinson, Ingrid Johanson, Alberto López‐Venegas, Dörte Mann, Glen S. Mattioli, Timothy I. Melbourne, David Mencin, Emily Montgomery-Brown, Mark H. Murray, Robert Smalley, and Valerie Thomas

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Radiative Forcing by Dust and Black Carbon on the Juneau Icefield, Alaska, Sonia A. Nagorski, Susan D. Kaspari, Eran Hood, Jason B. Fellman, and S. McKenzie Skiles

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Mapping Crustal Shear Wave Velocity Structure and Radial Anisotropy Beneath West Antarctica Using Seismic Ambient Noise, J. P. O'Donnell, Audrey D. Huerta, and J. Paul Winberry

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The uppermost mantle seismic velocity structure of West Antarctica from Rayleigh wave tomography: Insights into tectonic structure and geothermal heat flow, J. P. O'Donnell, G. W. Stuart, A. M. Brisbourne, K. Selway, Y. Yang, G. A. Nield, P. L. Whitehouse, A. A. Nyblade, D. A. Wiens, R. C. Aster, Sridhar Anandakrishnan, Audrey D. Huerta, T. Wilson, and J. Paul Winberry

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Extreme oxygen isotope zoning in garnet and zircon from a metachert block in mélange reveals metasomatism at the peak of subduction metamorphism, F. Zeb Page, Emilia M. Cameron, Clara Margaret Flood, Jeffrey W. Dobbins, Michael J. Spicuzza, Kouki Kitajima, Ariel Strickland, Takayuki Ushikubo, Chris G. Mattinson, and John W. Valley

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A new identification of the monkeys depicted in a Bronze Age wall painting from Akrotiri, Thera, Marie Nicole Pareja, Tracie McKinney, Jessica A. Mayhew, Joanna M. Setchell, Stephen D. Nash, and Ray Heaton

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Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on 25(OH)D Status in Elite Athletes With Spinal Cord Injury, Kelly Pritchett, Robert C. Pritchett, Lauren Stark, Ellizabeth Broad, and Melissa LaCroix

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Free and open source GIS in South America: political inroads and local advocacy, Sterling Quinn

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Promoting the Right of Freedom of Religion: Diverse Pathways to Religious Tolerance and Freedom of Religion and the Implications for American Foreign Policy, Barbara Ann Rieffer-Flanagan

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Alternatives to genetic affinity as a context for within-species response to climate, Adam B. Smith, Erik A. Beever, and Kristina A. Ernest

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Vervet Monkeys (Chlorocebus pygerthrus), Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), and Humans (Homo sapiens): Studying Interactions Using Stable Isotope Analysis, Matt Sponheimer, James E. Loudon, J. Paul Grobler, Kimberly Moyer, and Joseph G. Lorenz

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Inventory and taxonomy of phlebotomine sand flies of the Mokolo leishmaniasis focus, northern Cameroon, with description of new Sergentomyia taxa (Diptera: Psychodidae), Aimé Ngouateu Tateng, Vincent Khan Payne, Omer Bébé Ngouateu, Oscar David Kirstein, Alon Warburg, Esther von Stebut, Marcus Maurer, Blaise Dondji, and Andreas Krüger

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Seismic observations of crevasse growth following rain-induced glacier acceleration, Haupapa/Tasman Glacier, New Zealand, Samuel Taylor-Offord, Huw Horgan, John Townend, and J. Paul Winberry

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Global patterns and drivers of ecosystem functioning in rivers and riparian zones, Scott D. Tiegs and Clay Arango

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Seismic Tremor Reveals Spatial Organization and Temporal Changes of Subglacial Water System, Margot E. Vore, Timothy C. Bartholomaus, J. Paul Winberry, Jacob I. Walter, and Jason M. Amundson

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Magnetocaloric effect near room temperature in quintenary and sextenary Heusler alloys, Benjamin D. White, R. I. Barabash, O. M. Barabash, I. Jeon, and M. B. Maple

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Reduced magnetic disorder at low temperature in Ca3Co2O6 via zinc substitution, Benjamin D. White, Alexander B.C. Mantilla, and Jani Jesenovec

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Heterogeneous upper mantle structure beneath the Ross Sea Embayment and Marie Byrd Land, West Antarctica, revealed by P-wave tomography, Austin L. White-Gaynor, Andrew A. Nyblade, Richard C. Aster, Douglas A. Wiens, Peter D. Bromirski, Peter Gerstoft, Ralph A. Stephen, Samantha E. Hansen, Terry Wilson, Ian W. Dalziel, Audrey D. Huerta, J. Paul Winberry, and Sridhar Anandakrishnan

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Petrogenesis of granitoids in the Wulan area: Magmatic activity and tectonic evolution in the North Qaidam, NW China, Cailai Wu, Di Wu, Chris G. Mattinson, Min Lei, and Hongjie Chen

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Two contrasting accretion v. collision orogenies: insights from Early Paleozoic polyphase metamorphism in the Altun–Qilian–North Qaidam orogenic system, NW China, Jianxin Zhang, Chris G. Mattinson, Shengyao Yu, Yunshuai Li, Xingxing Yu, Xiaohong Mao, Zenglong Lu, and Yingbao Peng

Submissions from 2018

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Getting Lost in Gatlinburg: How Low-Income Residents “Make Do” in an Appalachian Tourist Town, J. Hope Amason

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Spectral Signatures of Submicron Scale Light-Absorbing Impurities in Snow and Ice Using Hyperspectral Microscopy, Farra Dal Anna, Susan Kaspari, James Beach, Thomas D. Bucheli, Michael Schaepman, and Margit Schwikowski

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Implications of basal micro-earthquakes and tremor for ice stream mechanics: Stick-slip basal sliding and till erosion, C. Grace Barcheck, Slawek Tulaczyk, Susan Y. Schwartz, Jacob I. Walter, and J. Paul Winberry

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Copper-catalyzed regioselective dehydrogenative alkoxylation of morpholinonyl alkenols: application to the synthesis of spirotricyclic dihydropyrans and of trans-fused bicyclic morpholines, Timothy K. Beng, Megan Bauder, Morgan J. Rodriguez, and Antonio Moreno

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Automatic Classification and Shift Detection of Facial Expressions in Event-Aware Smart Environments, Arne Bernin, Larissa Müller, Sobin Ghose, Christos Grecos, Qi Wang, Ralf Jettke, Kai von Luck, and Florian Vogt

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Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of Infrared Multiple Photon Dissociation Spectra of Aspartic Acid Complexes with Zn2+ and Cd2+, Georgia C. Boles, Randy L. Hightower, Rebecca A. Coates, Christopher P. McNary, Giel Berden, Jos Oomens, and P. B. Armentrout

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Chronometric Precision and Accuracy: Radiocarbon and Luminescence Age Estimates for Pacific Northwest Cooking Features, James W. Brown, James K. Feathers, James C. Chatters, Patrick T. McCutcheon, and Steven Hackenberger

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Habitat Use and Activity Patterns of a Terrestrial Turtle (Rhinoclemmys rubida perixantha) in a Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest, Taggert G. Butterfield, Alison Scoville, Andrés García, and Daniel D. Beck

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Transfer Information Energy: A Quantitative Indicator of Information Transfer between Time Series, Angel Caƫaron and Rǎzvan Andonie

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Magnitude and duration of acute-exercise intensity effects on symptoms of restless legs syndrome: a pilot study, Katie L. Cederberg, Robert W. Motl, and Timothy R. Burnham

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Segmenting Oil Spills from Blurry Images Based on Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers, Feng Chen, Huiyu Zhou, Christos Grecos, and Peng Ren

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Model for Coordination of Microtubule and Actin Dynamics in Growth Cone Turning, Erin M. Craig

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Covering Mass Shootings: Journalists’ perceptions of coverage and factors influencing attitudes, Nicole Smith Dahmen, Jesse Abdenour, Karen McIntyre, and Krystal E. Noga-Styron

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Titan’s Variable Ionosphere During the T118 and T119 Cassini Flybys, N. J. T. Edberg, E. Vigren, Darci Snowden, L. H. Regoli, O. Shebanits, J.-E. Wahlund, D. J. Andrews, C. Bertucci, and J. Cui

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Dental measurements do not diagnose modern artiodactyl species: Implications for the systematics of Merycoidodontoidea, Meaghan M. Emery-Wetherell and Edward Byrd Davis

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Flexible access to 2,3,5,6-tetrasubstituted dehydropiperidines by Ni- or Co-catalyzed site-selective cross-coupling using Vilsmeier-Haack-derived α-chloro-β-formyltetrahydropyridines, Abdikani Omar Farah, Ryan Archibald, Morgan J. Rodriguez, Antonio Moreno, Blaise Dondji, and Timothy K. Beng

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Energy and Nutrient Issues in Athletes with Spinal Cord Injury: Are They at Risk for Low Energy Availability?, Katherine Figel, Kelly Pritchett, Robert Pritchett, and Elizabeth Broad

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Social network and dominance hierarchy analyses at Chimpanzee Sanctuary Northwest, Jake A. Funkhouser, Jessica A. Mayhew, and John B. Mulcahy

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Comparative Investigations of Social Context-Dependent Dominance in Captive Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and Wild Tibetan Macaques (Macaca thibetana), Jake A. Funkhouser, Jessica A. Mayhew, Lori K. Sheeran, John B. Mulcahy, and Jin-Hua Lee

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Comment on “Quirks of Stirling’s Approximation”, Yingbin Ge

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On Teaching Molecular Term Symbols: From the Atomic Term Symbols in a Two-Dimensional World to the Molecular Term Symbols in a Three-Dimensional World, Yingbin Ge

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Talking modelling: examining secondary science teachers’ modelling-related talk during a model-based inquiry unit, Ron Gray and Allyson Rogan-Klyve

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Tsunami-based evidence for large eastern Aleutian slip during the 1957 earthquake, Frances R. Griswold, Breanyn T. MacInnes, and Bretwood Higman

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Phase equilibrium modelling and implications for P-T determinations of medium-temperature UHP eclogites, North Qaidam terrane, China, David Hernández‐Uribe, Chris G. Mattinson, and Jianxin Zhang

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Using GIS and the Ecosystem Management Decision Support Tool for Forest Management on the Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, Washington State, Robert Hickey, Jamie Cannon, and William Gaines

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The 2015 landslide and tsunami in Taan Fiord, Alaska, Bretwood Higman, Breanyn MacInnes, and Colin Bloom

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Undergraduate Students as Bystanders to Sexual Violence Risks: Differences in Reported Intervention Opportunities and Behaviors by Racial Identity, Jill C. Hoxmeier, Julia O'Connor, and Sarah McMahon

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Tuning the magnetic ground state of Ce1−xYbxRhIn5 by Yb valence fluctuations, S. Jang, N. Pouse, T. Keiber, Benjamin White, S. M. Dissler, J. W. Lynn, J. C. Collini, M. Janoschek, F. Bridges, and M. Brian Maple

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Isotope Investigation of Nitrate in Soils and Agricultural Drains of the Lower Yakima Valley, Washington, Dallin P. Jensen and Carey Gazis

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Measuring and Evaluating Safety Maturity of Construction Contractors: Multicriteria Decision-Making Approach, Ali A. Karakhan, Sathyanarayanan Rajendran, John Gambatese, and Chukwuma Nnaji

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Connecting new knowledge to old: Uncovering hidden premises in mathematical explanations, Peter Klosterman

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How to Calculate π: Machin's Inverse Tangents, A Mini-Primary Source Project for Calculus II Students, Dominic Klyve

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Effect of low-intensity long-duration ultrasound on the symptomatic relief of knee osteoarthritis: a randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind study, Dominic Klyve, Ralph Ortiz, Davie O. Draper, and Thomas M. Best

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Clocks and Crime: Conceptions of Time in the Writings of Cesare Lombroso, Paul Knepper

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What the European Journal of Criminology contributes to European criminology, Paul Knepper

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Ground-truthing social vulnerability indices of Alaska fishing communities, Anna Lavoie, Kim Sparks, Stephen Kasperski, Amber Himes-Cornell, Kristin Hoelting, and Conor Maguire

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A high resolution echelle spectrograph for exoplanet searches with small aperture telescopes, Nathan Lentini, Blaise C. Kuo Tiong, Logan DuBois, Tobias Feger, David W. Coutts, Cassandra Fallscheer, and Christian Schwab

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An overview of extant conifer evolution from the perspective of the fossil record, Andrew B. Leslie, Jeremy Beaulieu, Garth Holman, Christopher S. Campbell, Wenbin Mei, Linda A. Raubeson, and Sarah Mathews